Kerala: Burdened by debts, three Wayanad farmers end life

T K Devasia

9 November 2011

TRIVANDRUM – The specter of farmer suicides that rocked Kerala in the early 2000 has returned to haunt the southern Indian state with three farmers from Wayanad, a tiny hill district known for its spices and coffee plantations, ending their life in the last one week. 

The latest incident has been that of Varghese alias Raju (48), who committed suicide by consuming poison at his house on Monday night. The farmer, who hailed from Trikkaipatta village, took the extreme step unable to bear the debt burden.

The family members of the deceased said that he had availed Rs300,000 from banks for cultivating ginger and plantain. He could not repay the loan as the crops failed.

The family members said Raju had tried in vain many sources to raise funds for repaying the loan.

Earlier on November 4, another farmer Asokan (46) committed suicide under similar circumstances. Asokan ended his life by consuming poison after coming under debt burden.

Asokan had cultivated ginger in a leased land in the neighbouring Karnataka state by raising Rs200,000 as loan from various sources.

The suicide spree started with C P Sasidharan (56), a small scale farmer hailing from Mothakkara Mallisserikkunnil. Sasidharan, who has been undertaking farming by taking land under lease, ended his life after his debt mounted to Rs200,000.

In his suicide note Sasidharan stated that he could not repay the loan as he had suffered huge loss from farming this year. His family members said that he was tense due to his inability to repay the loans.

Political leaders in Wayand see the suicides the result of a crash in the prices of ginger in the market and diseases afflicting the crop.

The price of fresh ginger in markets in the district, which is the largest ginger cultivating area in the state, was Rs400 a bag (60kg) in September this year as against Rs1,200 a bag in the corresponding period last year.

The price of old ginger crashed from Rs3,000 a bag in September 2010 to Rs800 a bag. The sharp fall in prices put the farmers in extreme hardship.

Communist Party of India farmer leader Satyan Mokeri said that the district would witness a repeat of the suicide spree in 2004 if the government did not intervene to provide relief to the farmers.

As many as 186 farmers ended their life after being trapped in vicious cycles of mounting loan liabilities in the district from 2001 to 2004. The suicide spree came to an end after the government waived the loans of the debt-ridden farmers.

The leaders have called for a similar waiver of the loans of ginger farmers this time to relieve them from unbearable burden.

Third Farmer Suicide in a Week in Kerala District

Thiruvananthapuram, Nov 8 (IANS): A day after another farmer, suspected to be under debt, committed suicide in Kerala, the government Tuesday said it would look into all aspects of the problem. This was the third farmer suicide in Wayanad district in the last one week.

Vergheese committed suicide Monday. According to his relatives, he was under a debt of Rs.5 lakh after his crop failed.

Agriculture Minister K.P. Mohanan said: “I have already asked the authorities to provide me full details of loans availed from banks by farmers in Wayanad.”

“We will seriously look into all the issues and act accordingly. The government will also look into what can be done to provide some solace to the families of those farmers who have taken their lives,” he said.

“It appears the dreaded scenario of the past is returning to Wayanad and this is because of the fall in prices of ginger and banana. It appears the schemes of the government are not reaching people. Something has to be done immediately,” said social activist A.L. Prabakaran.

Between 2001-06 Wayanad district saw close to 249 farmer suicides. At that time, the Congress was in power and the Left opposition blamed the government’s flawed policies for the suicides.

Kerala Cabinet to discuss farmers’ suicides

Kerala Cabinet, meeting on Wednesday, will discuss the farmers’ suicides in Wayanad district of Kerala.

In a short span of a few weeks, three farmers had committed suicide in the district reportedly because of indebtedness.

Agriculture Minister K. P. Mohanan told The Hindu that he had directed the district Collector to hold a meeting of bankers, agriculture officers and others and collect data on indebtedness of farmers.

The Minister, who had assured the just concluded session of the Assembly that farmers’ suicides would not recur in the State, said that the problem was that none could predict who was going to commit suicide. Now, the effort would be to assess the financial position of farmers and collect information about their farming activities inside and outside the State.

Mr. Mohanan said that the government was wiling to help farmers facing problems if they approached the government. It was even willing to take over their farming activities and bear the losses, if the relief offered by the State Farmers’ Debt Relief Commission was inadequate.

(It may be recalled that the farmers’ suicides which had peaked about ten years ago had come down in recent years.)

He said that little could be done about problems happening in the farming sector because of climate change and deterioration of the soil, especially in the case of paddy. As to problems faced by Keralites undertaking cultivation in neighbouring States, it was the responsibility of the respective States to help them.

He said that the agencies under the Agriculture Department were now buying vegetables at market price from farmers. They sold it through their outlets at a subsidised price in view of the spiralling prices of vegetables in the open market. The average subsidy being offered was Rs. 6 a kg.

Maharashtra tops the list of farmers’ suicides

New Delhi (PTI): Fourty-six farmers commit suicide every day in this country even as packages were rolled out in a bid to bailout the debt-ridden community from crisis.

A whopping 16,632 cases of suicides by farmers, including 2,369 women were reported across the country last year with Maharashtra retaining the dubious distinction of having the largest number of such incidents despite a slump in figures.

Farmers’ suicide constituted 14.4 per cent of the total 1,22,637 suicides in the country in 2007, the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) said in its latest report, Accidental Deaths and Suicide Report — 2007′.

In 2006, the figures were 17,060 and since 1997 there were 1,82,936 cases of farmers’ suicide in the country.

In a grim reminder of the appalling conditions of the farmers in this agriculture dominated country, the NCRB said besides Maharashtra, six other states have recorded over 1,000 cases of farmers’ suicides each in 2007.

Maharashtra, where the Central Government pitched in with a special package, reported 4,238 suicides last year, a decline of 215 from 2006, it said.

Karnataka (2,135), Andhra Pradesh (1,797), Chhattisgarh (1,593), Madhya Pradesh (1,263), Kerala (1,263) and West Bengal (1,102) followed Maharashtra in the list.

These states were in the top-seven list in 2006 too. While Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh showed a decline in the number of farmers’ suicide last year compared to 2006, such cases witnessed an increase in Karnataka, Kerala and West Bengal.

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Govt modifies rehab package for suicide-prone districts


BS Reporter / New Delhi October 09, 2008, 1:25 IST

The government today modified the rehabilitation package for the farmers in suicide prone districts of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Maharashtra.

The government had earlier announced a rehabilitation package on September 29, 2006 for 31 identified districts in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Maharashtra, involving a total amount of Rs 16,978 crore.

After the feedback from implementing agencies, the Union Cabinet today decided to extend the period for implementation of the non-credit component of the package by two more years or up to September 30, 2011.

It has also given in-principle approval for provision of need-based additional financial support to the concerned ministries and departments of the Government of India for implementation of the programmes.

The rehabilitation package aims at establishing a sustainable and viable farming and livelihood support system through debt relief to farmers, complete institutional credit coverage, crop-centric approach to agriculture and assured irrigation facilities.

Other modifications in the scheme include increase in per farmer area limit under the Seed Replacement Programme from 1 hectare to 2 hectares, adoption of ‘Cafeteria Approach’ for participatory Watershed Development Programmes, and inclusion of ‘Women Farmers’ Empowerment Programme’ under extension services.

The Union Cabinet today also approved new legislation that seeks to set up a National Judicial Council (NJC) to conduct inquiries into allegations of incapacity or misbehaviour by judges of the High Court and Supreme Court. “The provisions of the new Bill would bring in transparency in the functioning of the judiciary and would also enhance its prestige,’’ an official handout said.

The proposed Bill would incorporate recommendations of the parliamentary standing committee that had looked into an earlier Bill — Judges (Inquiry) Bill, 2006.

101 farmers commit suicide in kerala in last 10 months…

Tuesday March 27 2007 01:47 IST


T’PURAM: A total of 101 farmers have committed suicide in Kerala after the Left Democratic Front government came to power 10 months back, Agriculture Minister Mullakkara Ratnakaran told the assembly on Monday.
Wayanad district top the list with 46 suicides followed by Kozhikode 11 and Thiruvananthapuram 10, Ratnakaran said in a written reply during question hour.
Government had given compensation to 549 farmers families who committed suicide in the last few years, he said. The government paid Rs 50,000 each to the families, he added.

Governor vows relief measures for farmers

By Akhel Mathew, Correspondent

Thiruvananthapuram: Farm sector figures as the main thrust area of Kerala’s 2007 budget session that began yesterday.

In his policy speech to the 12th session of the assembly, Governor R.L. Bhatia stressed that the crisis-ridden agriculture sector, which reported recently a string of farmers’ suicides due to financial troubles, would top the government’s priorities.

The governor also focused on the need to concentrate on agriculture-related areas and “sunrise” fields like information technology and tourism.

Bhatia declared the year ‘Haritha Varsham’ (year of agriculture). Aid would be made available to farmers in Palakkad and Idukki districts. A special council would be formed for the welfare of farmers.


An insurance policy for fishermen’s families, a debt relief scheme for fisheries sector, a loan scheme for fish vendors, a housing scheme for poor families and a commission to study schemes for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and land allotment to them were some of the welfare measures announced by the governor.

A separate court to deal with cases of atrocities on women and two special courts to deal with cases of atrocities on scheduled castes and scheduled tribes would be set up.

A plan to promote “responsible tourism” would be pushed in 2007 to ensure that the benefit of the sector went to the local community as well.