Red Rice Keeps You Away From Obesity, Diabetes and Cancer

The change in food habits from traditional foods to junk foods has increased lifestyle-related health issues and diseases – such as diabetes, cancer and heart problems lifestyle-related diseases.  Red rices meet most of the requirements of a good and healthy food. This cereal is the only one that is eaten as a whole grain, and is more easily digestible than in any processed form. As red rices have been found to have greater antioxidant property than white rices, it was time to reinstate them into daily diets of people.

Sahaja Samrudha chose a few rice varieties for scientific analysis. The study was conducted mainly to find the benefits of rice and enhance their cultivation and promotion. Clinical validation of their medicinal value is necessary in order to establish a niche in the global market. The promotion and conservation of this national heritage as a health food is critical in order to stem the onslaught of lifestyle-related diseases that has presently affected the urban citizens.

Results of Scientific Analysis

Sl no Variety name Moisture % Protein % Fat % Total ash % Carbohydrates % Crude fibre% Calcium% Phosphorous % Iron (mg) Energy/kcal/100g
Red rice
1 Doddabayra nellu 13.40 7.04 2.18 1.10 76.28 1.07 0.20 0.23 0.8 352.9
2 Navara 9.89 8.12 2.14 1.67 78.18 1.05 0.42 0.48 1.2 364.46
3 Jolaga 13.05 6.98 2.51 1.32 76.14 1.15 0.23 0.30 0.4 355.07
4 Karikalave 12.16 5.30 0.29 0.49 81.76 0.76 0.30 0.39 0.7 350.85
5 Bilinellu 12.29 7.00 1.35 0.59 78.77 0.91 0.11 0.12 0.1 355.23
6 Karuvai kalanji 10.33 8.92 1.97 1.44 77.34 0.82 0.41 0.43 1.1 362.77
Unpolished Rice
1 Rajamudi 12.49 7.80 2.10 1.40 76.15 0.83 0.24 0.27 0.6 354.94
2 Rajabhaga 12.50 7.99 2.32 1.20 75.84 0.81 0.20 0.39 0.5 356.2
3 Ratnachudi 12.18 7.56 0.69 1.25 78.32 0.84 0.21 0.30 0.1 349.73
4 Selam sanna 12.18 7.35 0.83 0.78 78.86 0.89 0.18 0.17 0.5 352.31
 

5

NMS-2 10.00 6.34 0.98 1.20 81.48 0.67 0.28 0.27 0.8 360.1
6 Ambe mohar 12.24 6.47 1.00 1.45 78.84 0.97 0.29 0.31 0.8 350.24
7 Kagisali 9.65 6.67 1.89 0.95 80.84 0.66 0.26 0.24 0.6 367.05
8 Ankura sona

HYV

9.11 5.86 0.15 0.29 84.59 0.16 0.10 0.09 0.2 363.15

 

The purpose of the present study was a comparison of traditional rice varieties with two of the improved rices. Rice species are used as medicine, because of its potential as a traditional medicine. It has been in practice for generations, but with the introduction of hybrids these varieties are on the brink of extinction. Incorporating traditional rice into the present cultivation system would not only make the species accessible to majority of the rural population that uses it but also contribute to its genetic conservation. However, before widespread domestication of the species is implemented, it would be important to determine its genetic diversity in India so that useful genotypes that could be used as cultivars by farmers can be selected thereby also facilitating the efficient conservation, management and utilization of the species genetic diversity. The results suggest that red rice show great potential as the source of functional phytochemicals to provide beneficiary effects for human health.

Krishna Prasad, Sahaja Samrudda.

White rice intake increases risk of Type II diabetes

R. Prasad

Meta-analysis was done on 3,52,384 people

Each serving of polished rice a day increases the risk of Type II diabetes by 11 per cent, according to a study being published today (Friday) in the British Medical Journal.

Polished rice is commonly called white rice, and one serving refers to nearly 160 grams. “Higher consumption of white rice is associated with a significantly increased risk of Type 2 diabetes, especially in Asian (China and Japan) populations,” wrote the authors from the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston.

The conclusion was based on a meta-analysis of 3,52,384 people who were followed up for four to 22 years. The participants were from China, Japan, the United States and Australia.

A “positive association” between white rice intake and increased risk of diabetes was found only in the case of the two Asian countries, where rice is a staple food. “This association seems to be stronger for Asians than for Western populations,” the authors said. Despite the not-so-strong association in Western countries, the researchers estimated that about 167 new cases of diabetes per 1,00,000 people would occur every year for “every additional serving of white rice a day.”

White rice primarily contains starch, as the polishing removes most of the nutrients found in the bran such as insoluble fibre, magnesium, vitamins, and lignans (a group of chemical compounds acting as antioxidants). Insoluble fibre and magnesium, for instance, have been found to lower the risk of Type II diabetes.

Double harm

Unlike brown rice, polished rice has a high glycaemic index (an indicator of glucose-raising effect of a food) and is a major contributor of dietary glycaemic load. Higher dietary glycaemic load is generally associated with the increased risk of diabetes. Hence, the harmful effects of polishing are two-pronged — it removes the nutrients that would cut the risk of diabetes and at the same time pushes up the glycaemic index, thus increasing the risk of the disease.

Pesticides increase diabetes risk


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New science confirms that exposure to pesticides — especially those classified as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) — can impair the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar, and can also promote obesity. Both these effects in turn increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

The recent study, led by Riikka Airaksinen of the Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare, measured levels of several POPs in the bodies of about 2,000 older adults. More than 15% of the subjects had type 2 diabetes, and researchers found that those carrying the highest levels of pesticides in their blood were most likely to suffer from the disease.

More than 25 million adults and children in the U.S. — 8.3% of the population — are diabetic. These new findings, according to Airaksinen, “point toward a cause-and-effect relationship” between exposure to POPs pesticides and diabetes.

Ever stronger evidence

Linking pesticides and diabetes is not new. In 2008, the National Institutes of Health studied 30,000 pesticide applicators and their families in North Carolina and Iowa, and found that pesticides were a contributing factor to diabetes.

The connection between POPs and obesity — a known risk factor in developing diabetes — is also well established. One recent study looked at blood levels of three POPs pesticides in 900 people, and found that those with higher levels of the chemicals were more likely to have more body fat.

POPs can persist in the environment and in the bodies of animals — including humans — for decades. Disregarding national borders, these chemicals travel on wind and water currents towards colder northern latitudes, and tend to eventually settle in the Arctic.

Diabetes rates have gone up alarmingly among Indigenous peoples in the Arctic, who often rely on atraditional diet of meat and blubber of marine mammals. Since POPs get more concentrated as they move up the food chain, these predator animals are often heavily contaminated with the longlasting chemicals.