Growth of Cotton in India: 1847-48

We are all told that Indian cottons are not of quality and American cottons were introduced in India in early 1900.  Please see the REPORT from the SELECT COMMITTEE on the Growth of Cotton in INDIA: together with the MINUTES of EVIDENCE.
Growth of Cotton 1847-48 Committee Reports download

Cotton Farmers demands C.B.I. probe in to alleged Rs.500 Crore scam of Textile Minister Dayanidhi Maran to stop Cotton Bale-Yarn Export

The present cotton crisis in India is result of wrong policies enforced by ex-textile minister of India to protect interest on handful textile mill owners which has denied best available price of cotton to 1 billion cotton farmers of India and resulted in the total losses of more than Rs.20,000 crore to farmers and local ginners and traders as complete ban on export from January to may 2011 has forced to them to offload the cotton or cotton bales at the half price which was prevailing till march 2011 .all decision of putting stringent restrictions of cotton bales export even on cotton yarn and cotton waste was to favor textile mills and garment industries of south India who paid thousand crore as graft to then Textile Minister Dayanidhi Maran and there are documentary evidences of ill-intended decisions taken by textile ministry in last six months and we demand C.B.I. probe to this “Cotton Export Ban Scam” kishore tiwari of Vidarbha Janandoaln Samiti urged Indian Prime Minister Dr.Manmohan Singh to in letter today.
“In letter to Indian Prime Minister Dr.Manmohan Singh on 24th may 2011 ,vidarbha cotton farmers raised the demand of sack Textile Minister Dayanidhi Maran when textile minister was not responding to letters written by union agriculture minister ,union commerce minister, chief ministers Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra and Karnataka and delayed the decision of lifting cotton export limit from 55 lakhs bales to 65 lakhs bales as against demand of minimum 100 lakhs bales .we have strong case against the Ex-Textile Minister Dayanidhi Maran and ready to submit all proof of mega corruption to C.B.I. if PMO direct the CBI for the same .if PMO fails to take any action the we will move Mumbai high court Nagpur bench for relief ”Tiwari added.
VJAS recalled the letter wrote to PMO iN MAY-2011 and it is reprouced
cotton price are further crashed in India more farmers suicides are being reported the reason for much Taboo on Cotton exports from India is result of unholy cartel of finger counting textile tycoon and Union Textile Minister Dayanithi Maran which is responsible for present cotton rowers crisis in India ,farm activist group Vidarbha Janandolan Samiti VJAS allged and urged indaina prime minister to sack Union Textile Minister Dayanithi Maran to save more than 5 million dyinf cotton afrmers of Maharashtra ,Kishore Tiwari of Vidarbha Janandolan Samiti VJAS informed in press note today .
“Hindered of cotton farmers and farm widows are marching to Delhi to meet Indian Prime Minister and UPA Convener Smt.Sonia Gandhi for urgent intervention in order to resolve the crisis as Textile minister initially restricted cotton bales export to 55 lakhs bales from earlier year 84 lakh bales even when country cotton production is higher by another 25 lakhs bales then ban export of cotton yarn and now surprisingly as per Quota Policy of Cotton items now added Cotton Waste ( Comber Noil) H. S. Code No. 5202 as
Cotton Waste is a ‘By-product’ of Cotton Yarn. when plenty of quota of Cotton Yarn lying unutilized the hostile functioning of Union Textile Minister Dayanithi Maran has a allaowed textile cartel to include the by-product banned with a major raw material and brought under same category in the field of exports” Tiwari said..
“Cotton prices have increased from rs 30000/candy in april 2010 to Rs 60000/candy April 2011 which is an increase of about Rs 70-75 per kg and immediately Spinners increased the price of yarn from rs 150/- per kg in April 2010 for 30s combed to Rs 230/- per kg in April 2011. increase of Rs 80 per kg which reflects in cotton value to Rs 30000/per candy minimum. Fabric weavers too have increased prices of grey fabric of 40 x 40 counts 124 x 64 with 200 gm per mtr which is quoted at about Rs 70/- per sqmtr as against Rs 38 in April 2010. There s an increase of Rs 32/mtr which is Rs 160/- per kg which in terms of candy is about Rs 58/60000 and present ban on export has brought back cotton prices to the level of April 2010 which is artificial an stage managed and Union Textile Minister Dayanithi Maran is directly involved in this scam ” Tiwari added.
‘As Cotton is an agricultural commodity and higher the prices farmers get, they will be encouraged to produce more and more of cotton and when Cotton production has grown from a low of 225 lac bales to 330 lac bales in last 5 years the undue protection to Local textile mills benefiting of buying Indian cotton at prices which are at least
lower by 30% as compared to its competitor in Bangladesh, Pakistan and other countries who buy from other growths which is reason behind the present restriction of cotton export and when Indian cotton after lot of hard work and promotion by exporters have found a very stable and regular market of its cotton in foreign countries and Govt should ensure that the markets created are not lost to competition due to faulty Govt policies.” It is alleged.
‘We need the urgent central intervention and demand to lift all export restriction of cotton bales and yarn too so that farmers get higher price to cotton ‘’Tiwari urged.

Cotton acreage may rise 5-10%

Rutam Vora / Ahmedabad Jun 04, 2011, 00:37

The country’s cotton acreage is expected to increase 5-10 per cent in 2011-12 from 11.16 million hectares in 2010-11. The rise is attributed to more farmers opting for the crop in the wake of record prices witnessed during the current cotton year (October to September).


This could be gauged from the fact that area under cotton in north India (Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana) for 2011-12 has witnessed a rise of 15-20 per cent so far. Sowing in these states is almost complete. The acreage in the states has increased by 200,000 hectares to 1.50-1.55 million hectares as on date, up from 1.35 million hectares in the previous year.

“The cotton sowing has almost come to an end in north India and we have seen a sharp increase in the acreage in Punjab. Rajasthan and Haryana, too, have seen some rise in acreage. Paddy and guar growing farmers have shifted to cotton, as it promised better returns,” said Rakesh Rathi, president, North India Cotton Association. North India contributes 12-13 per cent to the country’s total cotton output with annual production of 3.8-3.9 million bales (a bale is 170 kg).

Meanwhile, industry experts are expecting acreage to rise 5-10 per cent from 11.16 million hectares to around 15-18 million hectares for the year 2011-12.

“We see cotton acreage rising this year. Even after the recent volatility in prices, farmers are attracted towards cotton cultivation, mainly because they have reaped heavy returns over last year. However, it is too early to predict the exact acreage for 2011-12. But possibly the cotton area may rise 5-10 per cent from the last year’s 11.16 million hectares,” said B K Mishra, managing director, Cotton Corporation of India.

He added that prices had witnessed a sharp fall after hitting a peak in March this year.

Prices for the Shankar-6 quality of cotton had hit a peak of Rs 62,500 per candy (a candy = 356 kg) in March this year and dipped to Rs 45,000 per candy recently. In the international markets too, prices have seen sharp fluctuations from $ 2 per pound in March to $1.4-1.5 per pound recently.

India’s cotton acreage had increased by about eight per cent from 10.31 million hectares in 2009-10 to 11.16 million hectares in 2010-11.

In Gujarat, the area under cotton cultivation is expected to be 2.8 million hectares for the year 2011-12, against 2.63 million hectares in 2010-11.

“Farmers are excited about the returns that cotton has yielded. Like other parts of the country, Gujarat too will see a rise in acreage in the next season. The acreage in Gujarat for 2011-12 will rise to 2.8-3 million hectares,” said N M Sharma, managing director, Gujarat State Cooperative Cotton Federation.

Other key cotton growing states are Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and parts of Madhya Pradesh. The crop in this region is rain-fed and largely dependent on the extent of rainfall.

Cotton sowing in this region is expected to pick up from the second week of June onwards. As the south-west monsoon has already hit the southern part of the country and is expected to advance according to schedule, farmers have become hopeful for a successful cotton cultivation in 2011-12.


America’s $24bn subsidy damages developing world cotton farmers

The developing world can’t compete with the US’s giant $24bn subsidy for its cotton farmers. Barack Obama should end the payouts

A man works in a cotton factoryc in Mumbai

A man working in a cotton factory in Mumbai, India.

US subsidies of $24bn to its cotton farmers have driven down world prices and damaged livelihoods of developing world cotton producers. Photograph: Danish Siddiqui/Reuters

I’ve been looking forward to President Barack Obama’s state visit to the UK this week and to hearing him address MPs and peers at Westminster Hall.

President Obama will no doubt focus on many matters of great international importance. I think cotton should be one of them. I have seen for myself just how vital cotton is for millions of farmers in west Africa and the damage caused to their livelihoods by developed country subsidies. I have pressed for EU reform, but action from the United States is critical.

President Obama could, and should, take a lead in addressing this.

The US government continues to subsidise its cotton farmers – $24bn (£15bn) over the past 10 years – despite the World Trade Organisation ruling some of these subsidies illegal. And when the WTO backed Brazil’s case that the subsidies were damaging, the US government simply offered to pay subsidies to Brazilian farmers too.

I can’t be alone in spotting the irony of the world’s greatest free-trader continuing to violate the system so blatantly.

America’s payments to its farmers are designed to shield them from the volatility of cotton prices. But they also enable the US to export cheaply, depressing the price for other cotton producers in some of the poorest regions of the world and leaving them unable to compete with their richer American counterparts.

The voices of African farmers and others in developing countries are being ignored. In 2008, a group of African leaders tabled specific proposals to which the US has so far failed to respond.

It is now nearly 10 years since the WTO Doha Round talks first began. In 2001 there was a clear objective – to lower trade barriers around the world and help facilitate the increase of global trade. But the promise to make the Round deliver for development has clearly failed and the talks are now on the brink of collapse.

The world needs to focus on rebuilding faith in the multilateral trading system and also respond to the concerns raised time and time again by governments across Africa. An immediate commitment by the US to implement the WTO’s ruling and to cut cotton subsidies further would be a good place to start.

Taking this action would send a clear message to farmers in developing countries that the world is serious about its commitment to trade reform.

Discussions around the latest US farm bill have just begun. Now is the ideal time to raise this matter and bring about real change for millions of farmers who depend on cotton for a living. The coalition government has promised to do more to address the impact of European subsidies and must honour this, but action from the US is vital. The president’s state visit provides a unique opportunity for the government to raise the profile of this important issue.

The United States and others made a commitment in Doha to farmers from developing countries. But, almost a decade later, there has been no change. Whether Doha fails or succeeds, President Obama can and should, take a lead on removing illegal cotton subsidies and ensure that the promises made are honoured.

• Baroness Kinnock of Holyhead is the opposition’s spokeswoman on international development in the House of Lords and an expert on trade and development. She was minister for Africa in Gordon Brown’s government