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Climate change to affect small farmers: ActionAid

http://twocircles.net/2012feb28/climate_change_affect_small_farmers_actionaid.html Submitted by admin4 on 28 February 2012 – 6:50pm India News By IANS, New Delhi : More than 80 percent small farmers, contributing to half of India’s crop production, will be affected by climate change, which is impacting faster than predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), says a recent study. The study, conducted by ActionAid and Centre for Sustainable Agriculture, was released Tuesday. “Around 80 percent of small and marginal farmers who contribute about 50 percent of the total crop production will be the most affected by the changing climate,” said the study. The study was was shared and deliberated upon at a National Consultation on Climate Change […]

Climatic changes hit farming in coastal Orissa

http://igovernment.in/site/climatic-changes-hit-farming-coastal-orissa?utm_source=newsletter-core&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=20120208 Rise in temperature and sea level has made agriculture vulnerable as seawater is more often gushing into the paddy fields with saline water Submitted on 02/06/2012 – 09:50:23 AM Bhubaneswar: Agriculture across the coast of Orissa is now facing a situation of climate emergency, threatening food security in such areas where climate change has been a phenomenon. Rise in temperature and sea level has made agriculture vulnerable as seawater is more often gushing into the land filling paddy fields with saline water. “The sea is crossing the embankment more often and damaging our crops by filling the land with saline water”, a farmer in Udaykani village in Puri District laments. […]

Veg or Non-Veg? India at Cross Roads a report by Brighter Green

A new policy paper, Veg or Non-Veg? India at the Crossroads (PDF), published by Brighter Green, a New York-based public policy action tank. Using the entry point of climate change, the paper documents the effects of the expansion and intensification of the livestock sector for India’s food security, resource utilization, and issues of equity and sustainability. Through data and analysis, as well as on-the-ground reporting by associate Sangamithra Iyer, Brighter Green explores whether India, with a long vegetarian tradition, a fast-urbanizing and growing population, an expanding middle class, as well as millions of people experiencing food insecurity, can—or should—use its natural capital to produce (and export) more animal products in an increasingly industrial landscape. Our hope […]

METHANE EMISSION AS INFLUENCED BY DIFFERENT CROP ESTABLISHMENT TECHNIQUES AND ORGANIC MANURES

H.M. Jayadeva, T.K. Prabhakara Setty, R.C. Gowda, R. Devendra, G.B. Mallikarjun and A.G. Bandi Agricultural Research Station, Kathalagere, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore-560 065, India Source: Agricultural Research Communication Centre, 2009 ABSTRACT The field and laboratory experiment was carried out during kharif, 2005 to know the methane emission as influenced by different crop establishment techniques and organic manures. The experiment involved three crop establishment techniques viz., Transplanting, System of rice intensification (SRI) and Aerobic and four sources of nutrients viz., recommended NPK, in-situ green manure (Sunnhemp) + Rec. NPK, paddy straw manuring + Rec. NPK and FYM + Rec. NPK. The SRI establishment technique recorded significantly higher methane emission during early stages of crop growth (40 and 50 DAS). […]

Cows conserving carbon

MATTHEW CAWOOD http://sl.farmonline.com.au/news/nationalrural/livestock/cattle/cows-conserving-carbon/2307077.aspx?storypage=2 03 Oct, 2011 05:00 AM WHEN it comes to climate change, livestock animals have become confused with human management of livestock, Tony Lovell says.A cow is just a cow, the co-founder of Soil Carbon Australia observed, but how a cow impacts on the environment is entirely the product of human decisions. Those decisions are particularly relevant when the cow is being targeted as a methane-producing agent of climate change, in Mr Lovell’s view. Instead of positioning cattle and sheep as problems, he suggested that the focus switch to how humans manage both livestock and fire. A co-founder with Bruce Ward of Soil Carbon Australia, Mr Lovell recently […]

‘Virtuous circles’ can help secure food supplies and address climate change

Submitted by Mike on Tue, 22/11/2011 – 00:01 A book published today by IIED paints a vivid picture of an alternative future in which food, energy and water supplies are sustainable and in the control of local communities. The book show how the linear systems that shape our world are flawed as they assume a limitless supply of resources and a limitless capacity for the environment to absorb waste and pollution. The global food system’s dependence on fossil fuels that contribute to local pollution and global warming is just one example of an unsustainable system. The authors call instead for circular systems that mimic natural cycles to produce food, energy, […]

Let’s make climate change talks inclusive M. S. SWAMINATHAN & KANAYO F. NWANZE

The HinduClimate-resilient sustainable agriculture requires knowledge. Successful projects such as these can provide a model for others to follow. Knowledge transfer that brings the benefits of research from the laboratory to the farm is essential. Price volatility and the persistence of widespread and hidden hunger underline the need for enhancing the productivity and profitability of smallholder agriculture in an environmentally sustainable manner. When world leaders sit down again to discuss climate change, we hope that the people who live and work on the world’s 500 million small farms will be with them, at least in spirit. Their voice — and the issue of agriculture as a whole — has, for […]

Population has bigger effect than climate change on crop yields, study suggests

Bernard Appiah 4 October 2011 | EN Climate change and population hike might mean smaller maize yields in the future Flickr/IITA Image Library Population pressure will be as significant a factor as climate change in reducing crop yields — and thus increasing food insecurity — in West Africa, according to a modelling study. The authors inserted different climate change, land use, and demographic change scenarios, into an internationally validated model to estimate maize yields in Benin from 2021–2050. They found that, as the population increases, farmers frequently cultivate cropland without allowing adequate resting periods for the soil to regain its fertility — thus reducing crop yields. Overall, they found that various land use scenarios […]

Carbon protocals

1. The long awaited two new GHG Protocol Standards for Product and Value Chain GHG assessments were officially released on Tuesday, 4 October 2011. Please visit www.ghgprotocol.org for more information. Here you can also download the new standards for free, as well as a range of accompanying tools and guidance documents. 2. A revised version of PAS 2050, the first carbon footprint specification originally published in 2008, was released on 30 September 2011. Please find background information and a download link at http://www.bsigroup.com/en/Standards-and-Publications/How-we-can-help-you/Professional-Standards-Service/PAS-2050/PAS-2050/ 3. The European Commission has released a draft version of the EU environmental footprinting methodology currently under development. Please find more information and the draft methodology at http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eussd/product_footprint.htm 4. Furthermore, new information on the currently ongoing French National Experiment […]

Estimating Livelihood & Income Losses Due to Flooding – Advice; Experiences.

Summary of Responses Solution Exchange The PDF Version of this Consolidated Reply can be downloaded at ftp://ftp.solutionexchange.net.in/public/drm/cr/cr-se-drm-emp-01081101.pdf (Size: 216 KB) Livelihood is not just a means of earning a living and generating an income but a pattern of asset ownership, availability of required skills and knowledge to deploy those assets into a productive process, and a favorable market mechanism. It is the livelihoods, after human life that disaster prone communities strive most to protect against hazards. Macroeconomic indicators are used for assessing disaster induced damage but disruption to micro, subsistence and livelihood economies is not accounted for with the same level of detail. The query seeking advice for estimating livelihood […]

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