Can crops be managed without using chemical pesticides?

When it comes to agriculture we are often faced with a question on whether insects pests can be managed without using chemical pesticides and would farmers be interested and whether we can feed the nation without using pesticides.  This is a mind set created by the industry and industrial model of agriculture which Indian Agricultural Research and Extension System largely believes in.

In Andhra Pradesh we faced with the same question when we brought up the issue of high costs of pesticide use both in terms of economic and ecological costs.  When we started sharing the stories of villages like punukula in Khammam district of Andhra Pradesh (Getting Clean-ecologist) where farmers could stop using the chemical pesticides by adopting Non Pesticidal Management


Ladenge!! Jeetenge!!

Jab tak bhukha insaan rahega!! dharti par toofan rahega!!






4 – 8 March: At Jantar Mantar with the Pension Parishad Dharna

11 – 17 March:  Public Action in States, Consultations with MPs

18 – 22 March: Vishal Dharna in Delhi


Dear friends,


From the 25th to 28th of February, many of us from the steering committee met in Delhi. We met Ministers, including the Minister for Food and Consumer Affairs, GOI, several members of parliament from the opposition parties, to understand what they were thinking and also presented our critique of the Bill. We also planned the nature and modality of public action against the present bill and recommendations of the Standing Committee.


This circular is in two parts. Part I gives the critique of the bill and part II relates to the campaign’s plans in the month of March




Since it is very clear that the Government is gearing up to the enactment of a token food security bill, it was decided that we should gather in Delhi in large numbers to expose the vacuous nature of this bill and to demand a comprehensive food security law.  Presently the Government bill is more Bhukhmari Suraksha than Khadya Suraksha as it actually undermines the core issues of food security. In this backdrop it was felt that we had rather not have a law than have one which: 

–     undermines the food rights of children and pregnant and lactating women by not guaranteeing ICDS services provided through Anganwadi centres

–       leaves out a large population of people from the PDS by not universalising it

–       provisions only 5kg of foodgrain per person per month through the PDS, which is only half of what is required on an average in a month according to the ICMR norms

–       lowers the  grain allocation in the PDS from the present allocation

–       excludes the vulnerable, homeless, destitute people from accessing community kitchens by not provisioning for it under the garb that it is difficult to identify them

–       leaves out the provisions of pensions for the aged, infirm and single women

–       restricts maternity entitlements to only the first two children of a woman, thereby also denying children of higher birth order their right to exclusive breastfeeding for six months

–       does not guarantee nutrition security as part of food security by making it only a cereal distribution bill

–       does not guarantee Minimum Support Price (MSP) as a right or any other incentive and protection to farmers growing food

–       does not provide legal safeguards against Genetically Modified (GM) foods, commercial interests in providing food items in the ICDS and midday meals and the provisioning of cash    transfers in place of subsidised food

–       does not provide for criminal penalties or independent grievance redressal systems.

–       dilutes the legal guarantees given by the Supreme Court in the “right to food” case (PUCL vs. Union of India & Ors. CWP 196/2001) over the last 11 years which lay the framework for schemes providing food security in the country and convert provisions of these schemes into legal entitlements.

The Standing Committee’s recommendation of abolishing the divisive APL – BPL distinction in the PDS and proposing uniform pricing of rations is an extremely welcome step. However, the grain requirement for entitling 67 per cent of the country’s population (at 2011 figures) to only 5kg of foodgrains per person per month is only 48.8 million metric tonnes, much less than what is being allocated at present. Thus, this Standing Committee proposal exposes the Government’s intent to reduce the food subsidy and total food allocation. It was also felt that as a strategy we should bring to the fore the Chhattisgarh Food Security Act 2012 which is much more comprehensive than the National Food Security Bill.



According to the Minister for Food and Consumer Affairs, Prof KV Thomas, whom we met on 25 February, more than 252 amendments have been made to the original Bill which was placed in Parliament in December 2011. He said that the Bill would be placed in the Parliament between 19 to 21March. He added that the Bill would come up for discussion in the two houses when the Parliament reopens after 22 April for 20 days.   


The members of the steering committee decided that the public action against this bill would be in two stages. The first stage would be from the 4 – 22 March and the next stage from 22nd April onwards.


Public Action from the 4 to 22 March will be in three phases:


First Phase (4 to 8 March): with the Pension Parishad Dharna


The issue of the National Food Security Bill will be discussed at length at the dharna on 5 March. This period will also be used for meeting MPs and mobilising people for the upcoming dharna.


Second Phase (11 to 16 March): Public Action in States, Consultation with MPs


It was felt that public action must also happen at the state and district levels between 11-17 March. The forms of action can include dharnas, rallies, press conferences and meeting chief ministers, chief secretaries, MPs, district collectors etc regarding the Bill. With the help of CLRA, a consultation with MPs on the Bill is also being planned. 


Third Phase (18 to 22 March): Vishal Dharna at Jantar Mantar


This phase should begin with a press conference, followed by public meeting and rally. We could also burn copies of the Bill and the Standing Committee recommendations. We could give the food served in anganwadis to Krishna Tirath, Minister of Women and Child Development and packets with 160gm of foodgrains (daily consumption based on PDS entitlement of 5kg/person/month) to the Minister of Food, K V Thomas, Deputy Chairperson of Planning Commission Montek Singh Alhuwalia, UPA Chairperson, Sonia Gandhi, Vice President of All India Congress Committee, Rahul Gandhi, and other ministers. The monthly amount of Rs 600 under Delhi’s Annashree Yojana can be sent to the state’s Chief Minister and other ministers.


The message should be that the piecemeal, diluted and minimalistic National Food Security Bill of the Government is unacceptable. We want a Bill which entitles a universal PDS which guarantees not only foodgrains, but also oil and pulses; addresses the issues of increasing food production in a sustainable manner, decentralised procurement at remunerative MSPs and local storage, ensures the nutrition security of farmers, women, children, the elderly, persons with disabilities and those in difficult situations such as homelessness and starvation and has a mechanism of a strong, independent and sufficiently decentralised grievance redressal and public vigilance.


We hope that you will join the public action in large numbers.


In solidarity


Kavita Srivastava

(On behalf of the Steering Group of the Right to Food Campaign)


For more information, please contact Dheeraj (9871799410) or Ankita (9818603009).



Bhojan poshan shikshan, maang raha hai desh ka bachpan!!


APL – BPL khatam karo, sabko ration pension do!!


Sabko pura ration do!! dal, tel, anaaj do!!



Secretariat – Right to Food Campaign
First Floor, E-39, Lajpat Nagar -III, New Delhi 110024. India
Email: | Phone – 91 -11 -29849563
Website: | Follow our updates on Facebook and Twitter

Negative Report on GM Crops Shakes Government’s Food Agenda: Science

sc committee report Science


Dated: August 17, 2012

Title: Negative Report on GM Crops Shakes Government’s Food Agenda

By: Pallava Bagla

 Vol. 337 no. 6096 p. 789

DOI: 10.1126/science.337.6096.789

India : Negative Report on GM Crops Shakes Government’s Food Agenda

 Pallava Bagla

NEW DELHI—Sounding what some regard as the death knell for the development of genetically modified food crops in India, a high-profile parliamentary panel here last week recommended that GM crop “field trials under any garb should be discontinued forthwith,” and that agricultural GM research should “only be done under strict containment.” In a press conference after the report’s release, the panel’s chair, Basudeb Acharia, was unequivocal: “India should not go in for GM food crops.”

If implemented, the report’s recommendations would paralyze research and erode India’s food security, warns India’s chief of crop research, Swapan Dutta, a rice geneticist and deputy director general here at the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. “It would be better if India should end all research on GM crops if the country can’t embrace it,” he says. The government must take a stand on “whether it seeks to embrace or shun biotechnology,” adds vaccine specialist Maharaj Kishan Bhan, secretary of the Department of Biotechnology here. If it comes down in favor of a ban, he says, hope for GM research in India is lost.

Decisiveness won’t be easy, considering that the federal government has been sending mixed signals about its commitment to agricultural GM technology. In 2002, the government gave a green light to the first commercial GM crop in India: cotton carrying the gene for the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxin, which is toxic to some insects. Today more than 1100 Bt varieties account for 93% of all cotton sown in India; production has skyrocketed from 0.02 million hectares in 2002 to 9.33 million hectares in 2011. In February, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh reiterated his support of GM crops in an interview with Science (24 February, p. 907). “In due course of time,” he said, “we must make use of genetic engineering technologies to increase the productivity of our agriculture.”

But some of Singh’s own ministers haven’t been toeing that line. In 2010, former environment minister Jairam Ramesh put an indefinite moratorium on commercialization of Bt brinjal, a kind of eggplant, after the ministry’s scientific advisory panel had given the GM variety a thumbsup. Then in June, environment minister Jayanthi Natarajan told Science that “genetically modified foods have no place in ensuring India’s food security.”

The panel came down squarely on the side of GM skeptics. Chaired by Acharia, a member of parliament representing the Communist Party of India (Marxist), the 31-member panel labored for 2 years on its 492-page report. It blasted GM crops in part on economic grounds, observing that “the experience of the last decade has conclusively shown that while it has extensively benefited the industry, as far as the lot of poor farmers is concerned, even trickle down is not visible.”

GM crop researchers in India were under considerable duress well before the report came out. Since 2011, state governments have refused to issue certificates that would allow GM crop field trials to commence. As a result of this de facto ban, “virtually no new proposals come to us to fund research on GM crops,” says Bhan, whose department has funded work on 30 kinds of GM crops, from rice to rubber. “Today the pipeline has almost dried up,” he says.

The Acharia panel assailed India’s notable GM success, Bt cotton. It pointed out that all Bt cotton grown commercially in India is derived from technology sold by the multinational food giant Monsanto and incorporated in Indian seed varieties. “It is the fear of multinational control of food security that usually leads to a negative approach on recombinant DNA technology,” says agriculture scientist M. S. Swaminathan, chair of the M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation in Chennai.

The panel notes that 70% of India’s 1.2 billion people are farmers, who mostly have “no alternative but to buy Bt cotton seed” because the yields are higher. In the last few years, thousands of heavily indebted farmers in India’s cotton-growing regions have committed suicide. In one of its more contentious statements, the panel asserted that “there is a connection between Bt cotton and farmers’ suicides.”

In a statement to Science, Monsanto noted that India has reaped big benefits from Bt cotton: “India has seen a cotton revolution with farmers doubling cotton production using better seeds and technologies along with improved farming practices and other agri inputs.” The company did not address the issue of farmer suicide. Taking more direct aim at the panel, N. Seetharama, executive director of the Association of Biotechnology Led Enterprises-Agricultural Group in Bangalore, said that “the partial and one-sided arguments put forth in the public domain could harm the national interest.”

Ministries now must digest the report and later explain to the panel whether and how they plan to implement the report’s recommendations, which carry political weight but are not mandatory. If the government doesn’t make a forceful case for GM crops, Bhan says, there may be no alternative but to “stop all use of GM crop technology till it has been totally made in India.” And if Monsanto becomes “a nuisance,” he added, “it can be kicked out.”

Pallava Bagla

International Biosafety Conference in Hyderabad (India), 28-29 Sep 2012

Title : ANNOUNCEMENT: International Biosafety Conference in Hyderabad (India), 28-29 Sep 2012
Date : 24 July 2012Contents:

Scientific Conference 2012 – Advancing the Understanding of Biosafety
GMO Risk Assessment, Independent Biosafety Research and Holistic Analysis

21 July 2012 – The European Network of Scientists European Network of Scientists for Social and Environmental Responsibility (ENSSER), Tara Foundation and Third World Network (TWN) are pleased to announce our second International Biosafety Conference in conjunction with the 6th Meeting of the Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (MOP-6) in 2012 in Hyderabad, India. The conference will be held on Sept 28-29, right before MOP-6, which is scheduled for Oct 1-5, 2012.

The main aim of our conference is to advance the current understanding of biosafety in terms of the ecological, human health and socio-economic implications of on genetically modified organisms (GMOs). The cooperation between ENSSER, Tara Foundation and TWN provides a unique opportunity to bring together independent scientists from industrialized and developing countries. This activity is seen as critical to maintain and demonstrate diversity in scientific approaches in the fields of risk research and research addressing socio-economic issues.

The second aim of our conference is to inform the delegates at MOP-6 about the current scientific challenges in biosafety research and assessment. The presentations during MOP-6 will be undertaken in a way to contribute effectively to the political and legal discussions at MOP-6.

To that end the conference works towards:
*          Information and experience exchange between Indian NGO-representatives/experts and international biosafety scientists
*          Capacity development of Indian NGO-representatives/experts for the national and international biosafety debates
*          Discussions on strategies for sustainable GMO-free approaches to food security
*          Presentation of the conference outcomes to delegates of MOP-6

The topics addressed by our conference include:
*          Developments in GMO risk assessment, including discussion of the international standards on risk assessment in the context of the Cartagena Protocol’s “Roadmap for Risk Assessment and Management”;
*          Socioeconomic considerations in GMO decision making;
*          Latest scientific findings generated from independent biosafety research.

As it is especially important to create linkages and synergy between the work of the different groups acting at national and international levels, the conference will also bring together Indian and international expertise to discuss GM crops in India. Since the moratorium on approval of Bt eggplant for food purposes in February 2009 in India and the intense discussions on socioeconomic implications of Bt cotton agriculture, the Indian debates have served as examples for success or failure – depending on the perspective of the different experts – of GM crop agriculture worldwide.

Please see attached agenda for the conference.


European Network of Scientists for Social and Environmental Responsibility (ENSSER)
Tara Foundation, India 
Third World Network (TWN), Malaysia

Dates & Venues
28 Sep 2012 (09:00 – 18:15)
29 Sep 2012 (09:00 – 19:00)
Language: English
Courtyard by Marriott, Hyderabad, 1-3-1024 Lower Tank Bund Road, Hyderabad

If you want to register for the conference, please inform us in advance until Sep 21 by email:
The conference fee of 1500 INR / 27 USD / 21 EUR per day to cover catering costs will be collected upon registration in Hyderabad.

EMstitut, Germany;    Fondation pour le Progrès de l’Homme, France; Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung, Germany;Third World Network, Malaysia; Zukunftsstiftung Landwirtschaft, Germany

Mahyco’s clarification on the story ‘A Decade of Bt Hype’ carried on Agrarian Crisis


April 18, 2012


The Editor,

Indian Agrarian Crisis


This is with reference to your story titled ‘A decade of Bt hype’ that published in your site  on April 17, 2012.

We would like to bring to your notice that the first paragraph of your story mentions that Mahyco is an Indian subsidiary of Monsanto which is factually incorrect. Mahyco is not an Indian subsidiary of Monsanto. Monsanto only has a minority stake of 26% in Mahyco. We feel that an error of this nature are detrimental to Mahyco’s business as it is a reputed Indian company.

I am sure you will appreciate the sensitivity involved and publish the correction at the earliest.

Thanks and regards,

Suryakant Mishra

Head – PR,

Maharashtra Hybrid Seeds Company Limited (Mahyco)

Dear Dr. G. V. Ramanjaneyulu,

Please find below the response from Mahyco for your story on ‘A decade of Bt hype’ published in your site.

Hope you will be able to carry the same at the earliest.

Thanks and regards,


The PRactice




Farooque Shaikh 

T : +91 22 30008371-99 M: +91-9323671307

Jharkand Water Policy 2011

Jharkhand state water policy, 2011

This policy will broadly have a five-pronged strategy : First, the State will adopt a new State Water Policy framework to create the enabling environment for better and more equitable and productive water resources management in an environmentally sustainable manner for promoting growth reduction in poverty and minimizing regional imbalance. Second, the State will restructure the fundamental roles and relationships of the State and the water users. Third, the State will create a new institutional arrangement at the State level and at the river basin level to guide and regulate water resources planning, development; to decentralize the responsibility for water resources planning, development, management, operation and maintenance functions to the river basin and sub- basin level by suitably defining the responsibility and powers of proposed river valley institutions. Fourth, the State will place a high priority on promoting technology to improve efficiency and productivity, expansion of the knowledge base of the sector and the development of human resource capacity and capability. Fifth, the State will formulate appropriate legislation/administrative orders and enabling rules to give effect to the above mentioned strategies in short time.

Attachment (PDF):

See also:
Policy: National water policy.
Report: Every drop counts – learning from good practices in eight Asian cities.
Report: Study on issues related to gap between irrigation potential created and utilized.
Report: Decentralization in Jharkhand.
Report: Drought assessment report – Jharkhand.
Feature: A million opportunities lost.
Feature: Drought hit.
Feature: Water question in Jharkhand – Present law and policy context.

ਆਓ! ਘਰੇਲੂ ਬਗੀਚੀ ਲਗਾਈਏ……..

ਘਰੇਲੂ ਬਗੀਚੀ ਕੀ ਹੈ?

ਘਰ ਵਿੱਚ ਜਾਂ ਘਰ ਦੇ ਨੇੜੇ ਦੀ ਉਹ ਜਗਾ  ਜਿੱਥੇ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ, ਜੜ੍ਹੀ -ਬੂਟੀਆਂ ਅਤੇ ਕਈ ਵਾਰ ਕੁੱਝ ਫਲ ਉਗਾਏ ਜਾਂਦੇ ਹਨ।


ਘਰੇਲੂ ਬਗੀਚੀ ਦੀ ਲੋੜ ਕਿਉਂ ਹੈ?

ਇਹ ਸੁਵਿਧਾਪੂਰਨ ਜਗਾ ਵਿੱਚ ਆਪਣੀ ਪਸੰਦ ਅਤੇ ਲੋੜ ਅਨੁਸਾਰ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ, ਫਲ ਅਤੇ ਕੁੱਝ ਜੜ੍ਹੀ -ਬੂਟੀਆਂ ਉਗਾ ਸਕਦੇ ਹੋ ਅਤੇ ਜਦ ਲੋੜ ਹੋਵੇ, ਉਹਨਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਤਾਜ਼ੀਆਂ ਵਰਤ ਸਕਦੇ ਹੋ। ਫੁੱਲ ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਲਈ ਇੱਕ ਵਾਧੂ ਫਾਇਦਾ ਹਨ ਜੋ ਮਿੱਤਰ ਕੀੜਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਬੁਲਾਉਂਦੇ ਹਨ ਅਤੇ ਜਿੰਨਾਂ ਨਾਲ ਨਾ ਸਿਰਫ ਬਗੀਚੀ ਵਧੀਆ ਲੱਗਦੀ ਹੈ ਬਲਕਿ ਤੁਸੀ ਉਹਨਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਘਰ ਦੀ ਸਜਾਵਟ ਲਈ ਵੀ ਵਰਤ ਸਕਦੇ ਹੋ।

ਘਰੇਲੂ ਬਗੀਚੀ ਕਿਵੇਂ ਸ਼ੁਰੂ ਕਰੀਏ?

ਕੁੱਝ ਹਿਦਾਇਤਾਂ

 ਕੋਸ਼ਿਸ਼ ਕਰੋ ਕਿ ਜਗਾ ਅਜਿਹੀ ਚੁਣੋ ਜਿੱਥੇ ਤੁਸੀ ਰੋਜ਼ਾਨਾ ਜਾ ਕੇ ਪੌਦਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਪਾਣੀ ਅਤੇ ਹੋਰ ਲੋੜੀਂਦੀ ਦੇਖਭਾਲ ਜਿਵੇਂ ਨਦੀਨ ਕੱਢਣਾ, ਫਲ ਤੋੜਨਾ ਆਦਿ ਸਮੇਂ ਸਿਰ ਕਰ ਸਕੋ। ਰੋਜ਼ਾਨਾ ਬਗੀਚੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਜਾਣ ਕਰਕੇ ਤੁਸੀ ਠੀਕ ਸਮੇਂ ਤੇ ਕੀੜਿਆਂ ਦੀ ਸਮੱਸਿਆ ਦਾ ਪਤਾ ਲਗਾ ਕੇ ਉਸਨੂੰ ਸਮੇਂ ਸਿਰ ਕਾਬੂ ਕਰ ਸਕਦੇ ਹੋ। ਪਾਣੀ ਦਾ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧ ਜਗਾ ਦੇ ਨੇੜੇ ਹੀ ਹੋਵੇ ਤਾਂ ਜ਼ਿਆਦਾ ਵਧੀਆ ਰਹਿੰਦਾ ਹੈ।

 ਬਗੀਚੀ ਲਾਉਣ ਵਾਲੀ ਥਾਂ ਤੋ ਪੱਥਰ, ਘਾਹ-ਫੂਸ ਆਦਿ ਕੱਢ ਕੇ ਪੱਧਰ ਜਗਾ ਤਿਆਰ ਕਰੋ ਜਿੱਥੇ ਲਗਭਗ ਸਾਰਾ ਦਿਨ ਧੁੱਪ ਅਤੇ ਹਵਾ ਦਾ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਰ ਰਹੇ। ਉਸਤੋਂ ਬਾਅਦ ਮਿੱਟੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਰੂੜ੍ਹੀ ਦੀ ਖਾਦ ਚੰਗੀ ਤਰਾਂ ਮਿਲਾ ਲਉ।

 ਉਹਨਾਂ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਉਗਾਉ ਜੋ ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਪਸੰਦ ਹਨ ਅਤੇ ਸਿਹਤ ਲਈ ਚੰਗੀਆਂ ਹਨ। ਉਹਨਾਂ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਪਹਿਲ ਦਿਉ ਜੋ ਤਾਜ਼ੀਆਂ ਖਾਣ ਤੇ ਵਧੀਆ ਸੁਆਦ ਦਿੰਦੀਆ ਹਨ ਜਿਵੇਂ ਮੱਕੀ, ਫਲੀਆਂ ਅਤੇ ਮਟਰ, ਟਮਾਟਰ ਅਤੇ ਪਾਲਕ ਆਦਿ।

 ਉਪਲਬਧ  ਜਗਾ ਦੇ ਅਨੁਸਾਰ ਹੀ ਪੌਦੇ ਲਗਾਉ। ਜਿਵੇਂ ਟਮਾਟਰਾਂ ਦੇ ਲਈ ਘੱਟੋ-ਘੱਟ 2 ਫੁੱਟ, ਕੱਦੂਆਂ ਲਈ 4 ਫੁੱਟ ਦੀ ਜਗਾ ਚਾਹੀਦੀ ਹੈ।

 ਜੇਕਰ ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਕੋਲ ਘੱਟ ਜਗਾ ਹੈ ਤਾਂ ਇਹੋ ਜਿਹੀਆਂ ਸਬੁਜ਼ੀਆਂ ਦੀ ਚੋਣ ਕਰੋ ਜੋ ਘੱਟ ਥਾਂ ਘੇਰਨ।

 ਮੌਸਮ ਦੇ ਅਨੁਸਾਰ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ ਦੀ ਸੂਚੀ ਬਣਾਉ।

 ਕੁੱਝ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ ਦੀ ਬਿਜਾਈ ਸਿੱਧੀ ਕਰਨ ਤੇ ਵਧੀਆਂ ਉੱਗਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ ਜਿਵੇਂ ਫਲੀਆਂ, ਚੁਕੰਦਰ, ਗਾਜਰਾਂ, ਸਲਾਦ, ਮਟਰ, ਕੱਦੂ ਅਤੇ ਸ਼ਲਗਮ।  ਨਾਲ ਹੀ ਪਨੀਰੀ ਲਗਾਉਣ ਨਾਲੋਂ ਸਿੱਧਾ ਬੀਜਣਾ ਸਸਤਾ ਪੈਂਦਾ ਹੈ।

 ਬੈਂਗਣ, ਬ੍ਰੋਕਲੀ, ਸ਼ਿਮਲਾ ਮਿਰਚ, ਟਮਾਟਰ, ਬੰਦ ਗੋਭੀ ਅਤੇ ਫੁੱਲ ਗੋਭੀ ਆਦਿ ਦੀ ਪਨੀਰੀ ਤਿਆਰ ਕਰਕੇ ਲਗਾਉਣੀ ਚਾਹੀਦੀ ਹੈ। ਖੀਰੇ ਆਦਿ ਨੂੰ ਸਿੱਧਾ ਜਾਂ ਪਨੀਰੀ ਤਿਆਰ ਕਰਕੇ ਬੀਜਿਆ ਜਾ ਸਕਦਾ ਹੈ।

 ਜੇਕਰ ਤੁਸੀ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ ਹੀ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ ਉਗਾ ਰਹੇ ਹੋ ਤਾਂ ਕੁੱਝ ਜੜ੍ਹੀ -ਬੂਟੀਆ, ਫਲ ਅਤੇ ਫੁੱਲ ਲਗਾਉਣ ਬਾਰੇ ਸੋਚ ਸਕਦੇ ਹੋ। ਇਸ ਨਾਲ ਨਾ ਸਿਰਫ ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਫਾਇਦਾ ਹੋਵੇਗਾ ਬਲਕਿ ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਪੌਦਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਵੀ ਕੀੜਿਆਂ ਅਤੇ ਰੋਗਾਂ ਤੇ ਕਾਬੂ ਪਾਉਣ ਵਿੱਚ ਮੱਦਦ ਮਿਲੇਗੀ।

ਜਗਾ  ਕਿਵੇਂ ਤਿਆਰ ਕੀਤੀ ਜਾਵੇ?

 ਜਿੱਥੇ ਬਗੀਚੀ ਤਿਆਰ ਕਰਨੀ ਹੈ, ਉਹ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ ਘਾਹ-ਫੂਸ ਸਾਫ ਕਰਕੇ, ਰੋੜੇ ਆਦਿ ਕੱਢ ਕੇ ਪੱਧਰ ਕਰ ਲਉ।

 ਬਗੀਚੀ ਵਾਲੀ ਥਾਂ ਤੇ ਪਾਣੀ ਛੱਡ ਦਿਉ। 2 ਦਿਨ ਏਸੇ ਤਰਾਂ ਪਿਆ ਰਹਿਣ ਦਿਉ। 2 ਦਿਨ ਬਾਅਦ ਮਿੱਟੀ ਚੈੱਕ ਕਰੋ ਅਤੇ ਯਕੀਨੀ ਬਣਾਉ ਕਿ ਇਹ ਜ਼ਿਆਦਾ ਗਿੱਲੀ ਨਾ ਹੋਵੇ। ਇੱਕ ਮੁੱਠੀ ਮਿੱਟੀ ਲਉ ਅਤੇ ਇਸਨੂੰ ਦਬਾਉ। ਜੇਕਰ ਇਹ ਭੁਰਭੁਰੀ ਹੈ ਤਾਂ ਮਿੱਟੀ ਬਿਜਾਈ ਲਈ ਤਿਆਰ ਹੈ, ਜੇਕਰ ਇਹ ਚਿਪਚਿਪੀ ਹੈ ਤਾਂ ਇੱਕ ਜਾਂ 2 ਦਿਨ ਹੋਰ ਉਡੀਕ ਕਰੋ।

 ਗੁਡਾਈ ਕਰੋ ਅਤੇ ਮਿੱਟੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਤਿੰਨ ਇੰਚ ਤੱਕ ਰੂੜ੍ਹੀ ਦੀ ਖਾਦ ਜਾਂ ਕੰਪੋਸਟ ਮਿਲਾਉ। ਕਹੀ ਨਾਲ ਮਿਕਸ ਕਰੋ।

 ਤਿੰਨ ਫੁੱਟ ਚੌੜੇ ਬੈੱਡ ਬਣਾਉ। ਦੋ ਬੈੱਡਾਂ ਵਿਚਕਾਰ ਥੋੜ੍ਹਾ ਰਸਤਾ ਛੱਡੋ।

 ਪਹਿਲੇ ਕੁੱਝ ਹਫ਼ਤਿਆਂ ਤੱਕ, ਜਦ ਪੌਦੇ ਵਿਕਸਿਤ ਹੋ ਰਹੇ ਹੁੰਦੇ ਹਨ, ਰੋਜ਼ ਪਾਣੀ ਦਿਉ। ਬਾਅਦ ਵਿੱਚ ਹਫ਼ਤੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਸਿਰਫ਼ ਦੋ ਵਾਰ ਪਾਣੀ ਦਿਉ।

 ਜ਼ਮੀਨ ਨੂੰ ਜ਼ਰੂਰ ਢਕ ਕੇ ਰੱਖੋ।


 ਬਿਜਾਈ ਲਈ ਸ਼ਾਮ ਦਾ ਸਮਾਂ ਵਧੀਆ ਮੰਨਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ।

 ਕਿਉਕਿ ਸਾਡੇ ਕੋਲ ਜਗਾ ਸੀਮਿਤ ਹੁੰਦੀ ਹੈ ਇਸਲਈ ਸਾਨੂੰ ਉਹ ਚੀਜ਼ਾਂ ਉਗਾਉਣੀਆ ਚਾਹੀਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ ਜੋ ਲਗਭਗ ਰੋਜ ਵਰਤੋ ਵਿੱਚ ਆਉਂਦੀਆਂ ਹੋਣ ਜਿਵੇਂ ਟਮਾਟਰ ਅਤੇ ਮਿਰਚਾਂ ਅਤੇ ਬਜ਼ਾਰ ਤੋ ਖਰੀਦਣੀਆਂ ਮਹਿੰਗੀਆਂ ਪੈਂਦੀਆ ਹੋਣ।

 ਉੱਤਰ-ਦੱਖਣ ਲਾਈਨ ਵਿੱਚ ਬਿਜਾਈ ਕਰਨ ਤੇ ਪੌਦਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਲੋੜੀਂਦੀ ਰੌਸ਼ਨੀ ਮਿਲਦੀ ਹੈ। ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ ਸੂਰਜ ਦੀ ਰੌਸ਼ਨੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਚੰਗਾ ਵਧਦੀਆਂ-ਫੁੱਲਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ।

 ਲੰਬੇ ਪੌਦੇ ਬਾਹਰ ਵੱਲ ਲਗਾਉਣੇ ਚਾਹੀਦੇ ਹਨ ਤਾਂਕਿ ਉਹ ਛੋਟੇ ਪੌਦਿਟਾ ਉੱਪਰ ਛਾਂ ਨਾ ਕਰਨ।

 ਇੱਕ ਪਾਸੇ ਗੇਂਦੇ ਦੇ ਪੌਦੇ ਜ਼ਰੂਰ ਲਗਾਉ ਤਾਂਕਿ ਕੀੜਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਕੰਟਰੋਲ ਕੀਤਾ ਜਾ ਸਕੇ।

 ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ ਦੀ ਜਗਾ ਬਦਲ-ਬਦਲ ਲਾਉ ਤਾਂਕਿ ਮਿੱਟੀ ਚੋਂ ਪੈਦਾ ਹੋਣ ਵਾਲੇ ਰੋਗਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਰੋਕਿਆ ਜਾ ਸਕੇ।


ਬਗੀਚੀ ਲਈ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ ਦੀ ਚੋਣ

ਆਪਣੇ ਸਮੇਂ, ਪਸੰਦ ਅਤੇ ਜਗਾ ਦੀ ਉਪਲਬਧਤਾ ਦੇ ਹਿਸਾਬ ਨਾਲ ਬਗੀਚੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਕਈ ਪ੍ਰਕਾਰ ਦੀਆਂ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ ਉਗਾਈਆ ਜਾ ਸਕਦੀਆ ਹਨ।


ਜਨਵਰੀ ਮਹੀਨੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਲਗਾਈਆ ਜਾਣ ਵਾਲੀਆਂ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ – ਸ਼ਿਮਲਾ ਮਿਰਚ

ਫਰਵਰੀ ਮਹੀਨੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਲਗਾਈਆ ਜਾਣ ਵਾਲੀਆਂ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ – ਕਰੇਲਾ,ਚੱਪਣ ਕੱਦੂ, ਖਰਬੂਜਾ, ਟਿੰਡੋ, ਖੀਰਾ,ਹਲਵਾ ਕੱਦੂ,ਘੀਆ ਤੋਰੀ,ਭਿੰਡੀ,ਟਮਾਟਰ,ਰਵਾਂਹ, ਗੋਲ ਬੈਂਗਣ, ਫੈਂਚ ਬੀਨ,ਤਰਬੂਜ਼,ਅਰਬੀ

ਮਾਰਚ ਮਹੀਨੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਲਗਾਈਆ ਜਾਣ ਵਾਲੀਆਂ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ – ਮਿਰਚ,

ਜੂਨ ਮਹੀਨੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਲਗਾਈਆ ਜਾਣ ਵਾਲੀਆਂ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ – ਲੰਮੇ ਬੈਂਗਣ, ਮੂਲੀ, ਫੁੱਲ ਗੋਭੀ, ਛੋਟੇ ਬੈਂਗਣ,

ਅਗਸਤ ਮਹੀਨੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਲਗਾਈਆ ਜਾਣ ਵਾਲੀਆਂ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ – ਪਿਆਜ਼,ਧਨੀਆ

ਸਤੰਬਰ ਮਹੀਨੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਲਗਾਈਆ ਜਾਣ ਵਾਲੀਆਂ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ – ਸ਼ਲਗਮ, ਗਾਜਰ, ਬੰਦ ਗੋਭੀ, ਲਹੁਸਣ, ਪਾਲਕ

ਅਕਤੂਬਰ ਮਹੀਨੇ ਵਿੱਚ ਲਗਾਈਆ ਜਾਣ ਵਾਲੀਆਂ ਸਬਜ਼ੀਆਂ- ਮਟਰ, ਆਲੂ, ਮਿੱਠੀ ਫਲੀ, ਸਰੋਂ

ਸਾਉਣੀ ਦੀਆਂ ਦਾਲਾਂ – ਮੂੰਗੀ ਅਤੇ ਮਾਂਹ

ਹਾੜ੍ਹੀ ਦੀਆਂ ਦਾਲਾਂ – ਛੋਲੇ ਅਤੇ ਮਸਰ


ਬਗੀਚੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਸਹਾਇਕ ਪੌਦਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਲਗਾਉਣਾ

ਸਿਹਤਮੰਦ ਪੌਦਿਆ ਲਈ ਅਤੇ ਉਹਨਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਰੋਗਾਂ ਅਤੇ ਕੀੜਿਆਂ ਤੋ ਬਚਾਉਣ ਲਈ ਸਹਾਇਕ ਪੌਦਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਬਗੀਚੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਜ਼ਰੂਰ ਲਗਾਉਣਾ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ।ਜੜ੍ਹੀ -ਬੂਟੀਆਂ ਲਗਾਉਣ ਨਾਲ ਨਾ ਸਿਰਫ ਕੀੜੇ ਕੰਟਰੋਲ ਹੋਣਗੇ ਬਲਕਿ ਸਾਨੂੰ ਵੀ ਰੋਜ਼ਾਨਾ ਜੀਵਨ ਵਿੱਚ ਕੰਮ ਆਉਣ ਵਾਲੀਆਂ ਜੜ੍ਹੀ -ਬੂਟੀਆਂ ਉਪਲਬਧ ਰਹਿਣਗੀਆਂ। ਹੇਠਾਂ ਕੁੱਝ ਜੜ੍ਹੀ -ਬੂਟੀਆਂ ਬਾਰੇ ਦੱਸਿਆ ਜਾ ਰਿਹਾ ਹੈ ਜੋ ਬਗੀਚੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਲਗਾਈਆ ਜਾ ਸਕਦੀਆ ਹਨ।

ਤੁਲਸੀ – ਟਮਾਟਰ ਦਾ ਸਵਾਦ ਵਧਾਉਦੀ ਹੈ ਅਤੇ ਨਾਲ ਹੀ ਉਸਨੂੰ ਰੋਗਾਂ ਅਤੇ ਕੀੜਿਆਂ ਤੋਂ ਬਚਾਉਦੀ ਹੈ।

ਲਹੁਸਣ – ਚੇਪੇ ਨੂੰ ਕਾਬੂ ਕਰਦੀ ਹੈ ਅਤੇ ਟਮਾਟਰ ਦੀਆਂ ਸੁੰਡੀਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਵੀ ਕੰਟਰੋਲ ਕਰਨ ਵਿੱਚ ਮੱਦਦ ਕਰਦੀ ਹੈ।

ਅਜਵਾਇਣ – ਬੰਦ ਗੋਭੀ ਦੇ ਨੇੜੇ ਬੀਜਣ ਤੇ ਇਹ ਬੰਦ ਗੋਭੀ ਨੂੰ ਚਿੱਟੀ ਮੱਖੀ ਅਤੇ ਬੰਦ ਗੋਭੀ ਦੇ ਕੀੜੇ ਤੋ ਬਚਾਉਂਦੀ ਹੈ। ਅਜਵਾਇਣ ਮਧੂ ਮੱਖੀਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਟਮਾਟਰ, ਆਲੂ ਅਤੇ ਬੈਂਗਣ ਵੱਲ ਆਕਰਸ਼ਿਤ ਕਰਦੀ ਹੈ ਜਿਸ ਨਾਲ ਪਰਾਗਣ ਵਿੱਚ ਮੱਦਦ ਮਿਲਦੀ ਹੈ।

ਗੇਂਦਾਂ – ਜੜ ਵਿੱਚੋ ਇੱਕ ਤਰਲ ਛੱਡਦਾ ਹੈ ਜਿਸ ਨਾਲ ਜੜ੍ਹਾਂ  ਨੂੰ ਖਾਣ ਵਾਲੇ ਕੀੜੇ ਖਤਮ ਹੁੰਦੇ ਹਨ।