Lie of the land: Only 39 of 133 GM crop field trials monitored in 6 years

http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-lie-of-the-land-only-39-of-133-gm-crop-field-trials-monitored-in-6-years-2127361
The Centre has always claimed that the country has a robust regulatory mechanism
  • cropGenetically modified or genetically engineered crops are those in which genes are tweaked to get the desired characteristics by either inserting another gene or altering existing ones

Busting the claims of the Indian government and scientists that the country has a robust regulatory mechanism to test genetically modified (GM) crops, toxic loopholes are emerging. From 2008 to 2014, only 39 of the 133 GM crop field trials were properly monitored, leaving the rest for unknown risks and possible health hazards to common people.

Documents accessed by dna reveals that the GMO regulator, Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC), under the ministry of environment and forests, has failed to comply with the monitoring norms and practices on the confined field trials. Even in the 39 cases where the GM monitoring was done, it was not uniform.

GM crops or genetically engineered (GE) crops are those in which genes are tweaked to get the desired characteristics by either inserting another gene or altering existing ones. Once prepared in laboratories, they are tested in fields, which is called confined field trials. The field trial always has a risk of pollen-driven contamination, which is uncontrollable.

Documents with dna reveals that, in 2008, only four out of 12 trials, that is 1/3 rd of trials, were monitored. The Central Compliance Committee (CCC) and monitoring-cum-evaluation committee, during their tenures, visited the sites only once while they were supposed to go at least four times during the trials. Similarly in 2009, only five out of 29 trials were monitored and only one visit of CCC was recorded.

In 2008, only four out of 12 trials were monitored by just one visit of CCC and the monitoring cum- evaluation committee. In 2009, only five out of 29 trials were monitored and one visit of CCC was recorded. The very next year, 14 out of 54 trials were monitored and only one trial has the monitoring details. The monitoring data for 2011 shows that five out of 16 trials were monitored and that too have minimal external monitoring from the regulators’ side. Even when the CCC found illegalities, no action was taken.

Incidentally, 2011 was the same year when biotech giant Monsanto’s maize trials were tested at Anand Agricultural University (AAU), Gujarat. The documents show that the CCC report was presented and a record of harvest also exists with signatures of the trial in-charge. However, there was no post-trial visit to the site by the monitoring team.

The same year, in another plot of AAU, housed at Derol, Monsanto’s herbicide-tolerant Bt Maize was planted but the sowing date is unrecorded. Only two of the four-member team visited the trial site.

In 2013, Monsanto and another transnational company, Syngenta Biosciences, were allowed to hold five field trials but only two of these were monitored, with one visit each. Interestingly, this happened despite one trial witnessing a huge protest/destruction by the public.

In 2014, three GM mustard trials of Delhi University were taken up – at two sites in Punjab and one in Delhi – during the rabi season. There are enough evidences that there were no post-harvesting fool-proof monitoring in these cases. Similarly, in Maharashtra’s Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth (MPKV), Rahuri, field trials of Monsanto’s GM maize were undertaken, but there was no post-trial monitoring.

Despite these deficiencies and failures in the regulatory mechanism, the Centre has claimed in public debates as well as in the Supreme Court that everything about the regulatory system is healthy, rigorous and perfect.

Ironically, documentary evidence proves the opposite. Officials of MoEF and GEAC did not reply to dna queries.

Monitoring of GE plants is very important because they have posed high risks and cause uncontrollable contamination. This is undertaken at various stages like pre-sowing, sowing, and various stages of crop development, like harvest and post-harvest land use restriction. The monitoring agencies also have the authority to investigate contained facilities that may be used for storing regulated GE plant material.

From time to time, the GEAC has delegated the authority to monitor confined field trials to various bodies like RCGM’s Monitoring cum Evaluation Committee (MEC), SBCCs, DLCs, monitoring teams of state agricultural universities (SAUs) and Central Compliance Committee (CCC) constituted by GEAC/RCGM.

SC-appointed Technical Expert Committee says
Ban three kinds of GM crops
Herbicide-tolerant crops:
These are crops genetically modified for a chemical substance, so that when it is sprayed, it kills the entire flora around the crop, except itself. India does not need this technology.
Bt food crops: Food crops inserted with Bt genes should not be allowed as a lot of evidences show the harmful impact of Bt genes.
India is the centre of origin of various crops and has a wide diversity in those crops. So the country should not genetically modify such crops. This approach is taken by several countries, including China, as it has not permitted GM soybean since it’s the centre of origin of the crop.

Huhud crop recovery Advice-1

#Hudhud #CropAdvisory #eKrishi

On the fateful day of 12th October, 2014 a severe cyclone HudHud has stuck the north coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh. Twenty one people in Andhra Pradesh and 3 in Odisha have lost their lives. Thousands of acres of paddy fields, banana, coconut, cashew and mango orchards are severely damaged. Over 250,000 people in 320 villages in the districts of Vishakapatnam, Vijayanagaram and Srikakulam in Andhra Pradesh are severely affected. Crops planted over 144,174 hectares have been damaged and the expected production loss is 230,206 tonnes. In Odisha Hudhud has impacted 247,557 hectares (ha) of agricultural land, of which 40,484.5 ha have sustained crop loss of over 50 per cent in Gajapati, Koraput, Malkangiri and Rayagada districts.

State-wise crop advisory is given below for adoption of contingency measures to minimize and prevent further damage in standing crops.

141024 Advisory for Hudhud affected areas in Andhra Pradesh and Odisha

Salt tolerant potatoes to make a big difference for farmers in saline areas

Humble spud poised to launch a world food revolution

Dutch team is pioneering development of crops fed by sea water

salt-tolerant potatoesMarc van Rijsselberghe with some of his experimental crop of salt-tolerant potatoes. Photograph: Observer

In a small army field-hut Dr Arjen de Vos shows off his irrigation machine with pride. Pipes lead out to several acres of muddy field, where only a few stragglers from the autumn harvest of potatoes, salads, carrots and onions are left. The tubes are lined with copper to stop corrosion because – in a move that defies everything we think we know about farming – de Vos is watering his plants with diluted sea water.

Last week the project beat 560 competitors from 90 countries to win the prestigious USAid grand challenge award for its salt-tolerant potato. “It’s a game changer,” said de Vos. “We don’t see salination as a problem, we see it as an opportunity.”

Here, on one of the Netherlands’ northernmost islands, windswept Texel (pronounced Tessel) surrounded by encroaching ocean and salt marshes that seep sea water under its dykes and into ditches and canals, an enterprising farmer has taken the radical step of embracing salt water instead of fighting to keep it out. And now he thinks he might just help feed the world.

Inspired by sea cabbage, 59-year-old Marc van Rijsselberghe set upSalt Farm Texel and teamed up with the Free University in Amsterdam, which sent him de Vos to look at the possibility of growing food using non-fresh water. Their non-GM, non-laboratory-based experiments had help from an elderly Dutch farmer who has a geekish knowledge of thousands of different potato varieties.

“The world’s water is 89% salinated, 50% of agricultural land is threatened by salt water, and there are millions of people living in salt-contaminated areas. So it’s not hard to see we have a slight problem,” said van Rijsselberghe. “Up until now everyone has been concentrating on how to turn the salt water into fresh water; we are looking at what nature has already provided us with.”

The scarcity of fresh water has been labelled as the planet’s most drastic problem by the World Bank, NGOs, governments and environmentalists. A fifth of the world’s population already lives in areas of drought, and climate change is only going to exacerbate the problem. Poor farming practices, along with road and pavement building, is raising water tables and increasing the salination of rivers and lakes – in the Western Australian wheat-belt alone, salinity has caused a 50% fall in the numbers of wetland bird species, and threatened 450 plant species with extinction.

Attempts to desalinate sea water are going on around the globe – the UK has a £270m plant on the river Thames and Saudi Arabia produces 70% of its drinking water through desalination. But removing the dissolved minerals is expensive, requires much energy and the leftover concentrated brine has to be disposed of. The process is far too expensive to be used for irrigation in poorer countries. But thanks to a partnership with Dutch development consultants MetaMeta, several tonnes of the Texel seed potatoes are now on their way to Pakistan where thousands of hectares of what until now had been unproductive land because of sea water encroachment have been set aside for them.

If the experiment works and the potatoes adapt to the Asian climate, it could transform the lives of not only small farmers in Pakistan and Bangladesh,, where floods and sea water intrusion wipe out crops with increasing regularity, but also worldwide the 250 million people who live on salt-afflicted soil.

Van Rijsselberghe is happy to be seen as an entrepreneur whose interest was to grow a “value added” food crop that would tolerate Holland’s problems with water. He says he used a trial and error approach in development. “We’re not a scientific institution, we’re a bunch of lunatics with an idea that we can change things and we are interested in getting partnerships together with normal farmers, not people who want to write doctorates.” As a pioneer of organic farming in the 1990s, he faced heavy opposition, while a project to grow sea aster – a salt marsh-grown salad popular in high-end restaurants – ended in disaster when 3,000 migrating ducks made an unexpected stop and ate the entire crop in three hours. ”

He says the Netherlands needs to rethink its approach to food: “A third of the country is sensitive to salination. We put up dykes and pump away the water; we feel safe. We believe that outside the dykes is for the fishermen and inside the dikes is for the farmers. I think we have to stop that and talk to each other. What can be grown on the salt marshes and in the sea? Can we grow prawns in the lakes? We need to have these conversations and rethink the way we produce food.”

But where does all that salt go? Aren’t we in danger of overdosing on salt if we eat the Salt Farm Texel crops? “What we find is that, if you tease a plant with salt, it compensates with more sugar,” said de Vos. “The strawberries we grow, for example, are very sweet. So nine times out of ten the salt is retained in the leaves of the plant, so you’d have to eat many many kilos of potatoes before you’d exceed your recommended salt intake. But some of the salads are heavy with salt, you wouldn’t eat them by the bucketful.

“And there are other potentials, too – if we could find a grass that was salt tolerant, then it would make a big difference to all those golf courses built in developing countries that are using up all the locals’ fresh water. Nature has already laid out some helping hands for us. Mankind just hasn’t realised it.”

Device to remove insect pests from stored grains

Stored grains are attacked by several pests. They assume importance as they start their damage in the field itself. Generally insects fly from nearby farms, farm store houses or farmer storehouses and start laying eggs on the grains that are stored. Eggs are the root cause in of damage to the grains during storage.

As the use of pesticides and fumigants on or near stored grain is more dangerous to human beings and due to the development of resistance to the insects, mechanical methods like rotation, tumbling and impact of infested grains prove to be effective in the removal of stored-product insects.

Limited information

Mechanical removal of insects from stored grains is an important pest control strategy. Till now only very limited information is available in using the mechanical mode for controlling the egg stages of insects.

Hence, a device to remove adult stored product insects and crush the eggs present in stored grain has been developed by Department of Agricultural Entomology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.

The device has a grain feeding hopper, insect cleaning unit with an outlet to collect them separately and an outlet for the treated grain. It can be easily operated and within five minutes majority of the insects present in the food grains can be removed and collected in the collection outlet.

Further inner arrangement in the insect cleaning unit facilitates crushing of the eggs, if any, in the grains. The capacity of the hand operated machine is 200 – 250 kg/hr. It can be easily motorized depending on the need.

Best results

For wheat and pulses (whole and broken) the perforation size of the insect cleaning unit can be adjusted between 2.8-3 millimetres and for cereals like rice, maize, sorghum, it should be 2 millimetres, so that perforation permits insects alone and not the grains. For best results, the length of the insect cleaning unit can be six feet or more, depending on the grain handling.

The approximate cost of this device is Rs. 2,00,000. The unit can also be fabricated into smaller sizes. It has been licensed by TNAU through Agribusiness Entrepreneurship programme.

(Dr. S. Mohan, Professor, Entomology, Department of Cotton Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics, TNAU, Coimbatore- 641 003, email: sarmamohan@hotmail.com, Mobile: 09488458006.)

S. MOHAN

http://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/agriculture/device-to-remove-insect-pests-from-stored-grains/article4313248.ece

Essential Oils for Controlling Insect Pests

http://www.greenmedinfo.com/blog/essential-oils-controlling-insect-pests
Posted on:

Tuesday, December 11th 2012 at 5:00 am

Essential Oils for Controlling Insect Pests

Once you start enjoying the fruits and vegetables in your organic garden, it’s not long before you start receiving visitors.  Meet the arthropods.  Those freeloading vegetarians who come swinging their many limbs and whose intent it is to share the bounties of your hard labor.

Organic gardeners have a few options. Ignore them — pray for some leftovers.  Physically remove them, or, murder.  If you choose the last option, why not try a lethal whiff or contact with some killer herbs and spices.

Research into the effectiveness of plant essential oils as botanical pesticides continues and is being confirmed. Several products have been formulated and commercialized.

In the US, these products bypass the regulatory control of scheduled poisons or registered pesticides as they are considered food safe products.

What are they and how do they work?

Plants produce essential oils

There is a long history of our oriental friends enjoying the therapeutic benefits of essential oils, particularly in Egypt, Persia and India.

The process of producing essential oils is generally via steam distillation. The end result is a volatile oil containing 100’s of compounds, some identifiable, many not.

Terpenoids play a major role in repelling insects says Canadian entomologist and toxicologist Dr Murray Isman, who has been investigating the development of pesticides for 30 years.

Contact and fumigant

His particular interest is in discovering how the compounds in essential oils affect insects and their fate in the environment.

Isman says that while some of the pure essential oils compounds are slightly toxic (to humans) i.e.carvacrol and pulegone, a proprietary mixture of essential oil constituents fed to rats at a high dose were not lethal.

“Essential oils have several modes of action against insects and mites including repellent and antifeedant deterrence, inhibition of molting and respiration, reduction in growth and reproduction, and cuticle disruption.”

Many of these effects result from interference on the invertebrate octopamine pathway.  Octopamine is a neurotransmitter unique to invertebrates.

The advantages of these many modes of action is that they may delay resistance development in the target pest.

“Essential oils may have minimal direct and/or indirect effects on pest enemies, although bees appear to be sensitive,” says Isman.

Any plant essential oils containing eugenol or thymol, ie thyme (Thymus vulgaris) rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) and clove (syzygium aromaticum) are effective pesticides.  They can be applied as a contact or fumigant.

Insecticides

Whitefly

The Greenhouse whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum, is a major pest of greenhouse vegetables, especially tomatoes, cherry tomatoes, cucumbers, and ornamentals. This insect has also developed immunity to many conventional insecticides.  Several essential oils have been found to be effective against all insect stages, including eggs, nymphs and adults.

Try

  • Bay
  • Caraway seed
  • Clove leaf
  • Lemon eucalyptus
  • Lime
  • Pennyroyal
  • Peppermint
  • Rosewood
  • Spearmint
  • Tea tree

Spider Mites

A big eater of greens are the small spider mites (Tetranychus sp).  Their feeding on chlorophyll in plants cells interferes with the plant’s ability to grow.  When bronzing occurs under leaves, you can guarantee numbers are high.  So voracious are their appetites they can kill the plant.

Did you know some mites live in the gills of edible mushrooms?

the oil of oregano, (Origanum vulgare) or thyme (Thymus vulgaris) or Mint (Mentha spicata) where the Carmine spider mites, (Tetranychus cinnabarinus) are feeding.  These minute acarides will go on a hunger strike, stop growing and procreating.

Isman and a colleague, studied the effect of rosemary oil (Rosmarinus officinalis) against the two spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) on tomato plants.  The oil was effective on contact and even high doses did not harm the tomato plants. Other researchers have also found it useful as a fumigant.

The problem with any form of lethal control is the effect on pest predators.  In the study above it was found that when both spider mites and predatory mites (commonly used for biological control) were sprayed with different pesticides containing rosemary oil, no mortality was found among predators, but up to 60% mortality was observed in the two spotted mites.

The researchers believe this might be due to the differences in the way rosemary oil is metabolised by predatory and phytophagous mites.

Moths and aphids

Through Isman’s research with rosemary essential oil, it was illustrated that camphor was the most toxic compound to larvae of Pseudaletia unipuncta, a noctuid moth larva, followed by d-limonene and p-cymene.  Against the larvae of Trichopulsia ni, (cabbage looper) α-terpineol was the most toxic followed by p-cymene and β-pinene.  Rosemary oil also had good toxicity to aphids.

Many of the Eucalyptus species are potent for insect control (E. alba, E. camaldulensis, E. citriodora, E. deglupta, E. globulus, E. Rob) (See Appendix 1.)  Eucalyptus globulas– Blue Gum, offers very good control of many insect pests.

The oldest tree on earth, Ginkgo biloba has been investigated as a pest deterrant with lab tests showing snails were repelled from eating lettuce leaves to which Gingko extract had been applied.

 

Pakistan Rice Scientist Develops Strain Which Grows 6-Feet Tall with 15 Tons Per Hectare Yield

By news desk on November 15,2012

http://oryza.com/Rice-News/16915.html

 

image

A scientist from Pakistan’s Hazara University Mansehra has claimed that he has successfully developed a giant rice strain that can grow with less water than conventional rice plants and give the highest yield in the world at 15 tons per hectare which is almost four times the current world average rice yield of around 4 tons per hectare.

Professor Fida M Abbasi told local sources that he used the Super NPT technology to develop the new rice strain which is not found anywhere in the world now. He said that by applying the Super NPT technology the new rice strain grew about 6 feet tall, had a thick stem and had large and heavy panicles about 50 centimeters long with around 700 grains each. The new rice strain also matures faster than normal rice plants and can be used as fodder.

Professor Abbasi claims that rice production using the new technology tripled from 5 tons per hectare to around 15 tons per hectare. Last year, Professor Abbasi was in news for developing a rice strain that gave a yield of around 12 tons per hectare. He had then told local sources that he developed the rice strain with his own money.

Prior to Professor Abbasi’s achievement, the Chinese agricultural scientist 80-year-old Yuan Longping, also known as the “Father of Hybrid Rice”, was credited with developing the super grain rice which has a yield of around 13.9 tons per hectare. Yuan aims to improve the yield of the super grain rice to 15 tons per hectare by 2020.
[c] Copyrights Notice : Each reproduction of any part of this publication or its contents must contain clear reference to http://oryza.com. Read the full notice at the bottom of this page.


Proceedings of “AP SRI Consortium’s Safe Alternate Wetting and Drying Technology and Water Management in System of Rice Intensification (SRI)

Proceedings of “AP SRI Consortium’s Safe Alternate Wetting and Drying Technology and Water Management in System of Rice Intensification (SRI)” organized by WALAMTARI, IRRC Water-saving workgroup of IRRI and WASSAN held at 3rd October 2012 held at WALAMTARI, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. In addition to sharing of sharing of experiences of IRRI on Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD), the meetingwas expected to enable discussions on various options in water savings in rice cultivation. The conclusions were expected to feed into improving the practices of SRI in the JAI-SRI program of the AP SRI Consortium supported by the Department of Agriculture and NABARD. A collaborative action-research program is also expected to emerge out of the discussions on the major action-research flagged. For more details, please click the link below to view the Proceedings of the above workshop.
http://www.wassan.org/jaisri_ap/documents/Proceedings_Safe_Alternate_Wetting_2012.pdf

Backyard solution for composting

by PRINCE FREDERICK, The Hindu | May 26, 2012
ENVIRONMENT Septuagenarian Balakrishnan shows it takes just a little effort to convert kitchen waste into organic manure.GOING GREENV. Balakrishnan

V. Balakrishnan has shown that gargantuan global problems can be effectively tackled by dealing with them at home and in the neighbourhood. A retired mechanical engineer of Southern Railways, 76-year-old Balakrishnan has devised a simple instrument and an accompanying process that aerobically composts kitchen waste into organic manure. Besides churning out green fertilizer for the coconut trees encircling his house in Kalakshetra Colony, he speaks about his method at meetings of resident welfare associations in and around Adyar. Finding him through his website — enrichearth.com — groups beyond his neighbourhood too occasionally invite him for a talk.

Cost-effective alternatives

He installed his invention on October 2, 2008 in the backyard of his house — where it still stands. Over the years, the device has shed certain features for sleeker and cost-effective alternatives. These modifications — explained with illustrations in a section of the website — were dictated by the logic that the instrument should be affordable for most people.

The one currently in use consists of three concrete borewell rings that give it the shape of a drum. A fibre-reinforced plastic (FRP) sheet serves as a shutter for an oblong cut in the bottom-most ring that serves as the opening through which the manure is shovelled out. Jammed between the first and the second rings is a wide-gapped nylon mesh.

The three-ring concrete cylinder is covered with a circular FRP sheet, which has a hole in the centre through which is inserted a PVC pipe with an elbow. The two openings of the elbow are covered with soft, tiny-holed nylon nets to keep insects out. The hidden end of the PVC pipe has thin slits to facilitate easy air flow.

“Kitchen waste and dry leaves are mixed at the ratio of 1:4. As the mixture is dropped into the cylinder, it lands on the nylon mesh. The microbes are sustained by the carbon emitted by dry leaves. Where dry leaves are not available, shredded newspaper — not glazed ones — can be substituted. A measly addition of cottonseed oil cake powder serves as a catalyst for speeding up the composting process. To keep insects at bay, I spray a bit of lemon grass oil mixed with water. I keep loading the cylinder with the mixture daily, but it does not get filled up — which points to the fact that huge amounts of waste are required to make small quantities of manure. Every month, powdery manure is collected through the opening in the bottom-most ring,” explains Balakrishnan.

“Being aerobic, this composting method does not cause any foul odour.”

The septuagenarian has continually rejected suggestions that he commercialise the model and crank out instruments. “It takes only a plumber to create this simple device. I’ll stop at offering people technical advice.”

Like Balakrishnan, a handful of other people — including P.G. Ramanath in Nungambakkam and Shobha V. Manickam in Anna Nagar — are making a difference in their neighbourhoods by showing people how to put waste to good use.

Balakrishnan can be contacted on 93810-38369.

I keep loading the cylinder with the mixture daily, but it does not get filled up — which points to the fact that huge amounts of waste are required to make small quantities of manure

దక్షిణ క్షేత్ర వ్యవసాయ యంత్రముల శిక్షణ మరియు పరీక్షణ సంస్థ

మీ ప్రాంతంలోని రైతు సోదరులకు ఈ సంస్థ గురించి తెలియజేయండి

నాలుగు రోజుల క్రితం  అనంతపురం పట్టణానికి సమీపంలోని గార్లదిన్నె దగ్గర ఉన్నభారత ప్రభుత్వ వ్యవసాయ మంత్రిత్వ శాఖ వారిచే నడుపబడే “దక్షిణ క్షేత్ర వ్యవసాయ యంత్రముల శిక్షణ మరియు పరీక్షణ సంస్థను” సందర్శించడం జరిగింది.స్నేహితులొకరు దాదాపు 12 సంవత్సరాలు అమెరికాలో పనిచేసి తిరిగి మళ్ళీ మన దేశంలో పూణే నగరంలో రెండేళ్ళు నెలకు ఆరు అంకెల మంచి జీతంతో పనిచేస్తూ వ్యవసాయంపై మక్కువతో ఉద్యోగాన్ని వదలి ప్రకాశం జిల్లా కందుకూరు దగ్గర తన స్వంత గ్రామానికి దగ్గరగా పొలం తీసుకుని వ్యవసాయం ప్రారంభించారు.రైతులు ,వినియోగదారులూ మరచిపోతున్న జొన్న,సజ్జ,కొర్రలాంటి తృణధాన్యాలను పండించి  వాటి విలువను గురించి ప్రజలలో అవగాహన తీసుకురావాలని ఆలోచిస్తున్నారు.ఆ వ్యవసాయంతో పాటుగా  ఆవులను కొనుగోలు చేసి డైరీ కూడా ప్రారంభించారు.సేంద్రియ ఎరువును మాత్రం(సాధ్యమయినంతవరకు)వాడుతూ క్రిమి సంహారక మందులు వాడకుండా పర్యావరణానికి హాని చేయని సహజ పద్దతులు పాటిస్తూ వ్యవసాయం సాగిస్తున్నారు.

మనం ఎలాంటి వారమంటే మన దగ్గరున్న,మన ప్రాంతంలో పండుతున్నఈ తృణధాన్యాలను విస్మరించి విదేశాలనుంచి దిగుమతి అవుతున్న ఓట్స్ గురించి అత్యంత శ్రద్ధ తీసుకుని వాటి గురించి ప్రచారం చేస్తూ మధుమేహవ్యాధిగ్రస్తులకు మేలైన ఆహారమంటూ మనకు మనమే ప్రచారం చేస్తూ వాటిని వాడుతున్నాము.మధుమేహవ్యాధిగ్రస్తులకు జొన్నరొట్టె,జొన్నన్నము,రాగి సంగటి,కొర్రన్నము  కన్నా మించిన ఆహారం వేరే లేదు .ప్రజలకు  ఈ విషయం తెలియజేసే దిశగా ప్రభుత్వం,ఆహార నిపుణులు దృష్టి పెట్టడంలేదు .

దిగిన తర్వాతగానీ లోతు తెలియలేదన్నట్లు వ్యవసాయంలో దిగిన తర్వాతే  తెలిసిందిమా మా మిత్రునికి భారద్దేశంలో వ్యవసాయం ఎగసాయమని.రైతు పరిస్థితి అమ్మబోతే అడవి కొనబోతే కొరివి అని.ప్రభుత్వంవారు గొప్పగా చెప్పుకునే  ఆహారానికి పని పథకంవల్ల కాదు కాదు పనికి ఆహారపథకంవల్ల కూలీల సమస్య ఎదురై వ్యవసాయంలో యాంత్రీకరణను ఎక్కువగా ఉపయోగించుకోవాలని భావించి వాటి గురించి శిక్షణ,అవగాహన కలిగిస్తున్నఈ సంస్థ గురించి తెలుసుకుని ఇక్కడకు వచ్చారు వారితో పాటుగా ,వారికి సహాయంగా నేనూ వెళ్ళాను.ఆధునిక వ్యవసాయాన్ని సులభ పద్ధతుల్లో వివరిస్తూ రైతులకు తగిన శిక్షణనిస్తూ,ప్రస్తుతం సేద్యంలో ముఖ్య పాత్ర వహించే ట్రాక్టర్,దాని అనుబంధ పరికరాలను గురించి శిక్షణ ఇచ్చే సంస్థను దక్షిణ భారత రైతు సోదరులకోసం 1983సంవత్సరంలో అనంతపురం జిల్లా గార్లదిన్నె కేంద్రానికి 5కి.మీ దూరంలో కేంద్ర ప్రభుత్వం ఏర్పాటు చేసింది.దేశంలో మిగిలిన మూడు ప్రాంతాల్లో కూడా ఇలాంటి సంస్థలనే స్థాపించింది.మధ్యభారతానికిబుధినిలో,ఉత్తరభారతానికి హర్యానాలో,ఈశాన్య రాష్ట్రాలకోసం అసోం రాష్ట్రంలోని బిశ్వంత్ చెరోలీలో ఏర్పాటు చేసారు.http://farmech.gov.in/

సంస్థ గురించి ,సంస్థ లక్ష్యాల గురించి,వ్యవసాయ యంత్రాలు,వాటి వాడకం గురించి  సంస్థ ఉద్యోగి శ్రీ కనకప్పగారు తమ అమూల్యమయిన సమయాన్ని మాకు కేటాయించి  చక్కగా వివరించి చెప్పారు.ఏ ప్రాంత రైతులయినా ఒక గ్రూపుగా వస్తే వారికి ప్రాధాన్యమిచ్చి చక్కటి శిక్షణను అందజేస్తామని తెలియజేసారు.

వ్యవసాయ యాంత్రీకరణకు సంబంధించి రైతుల అవసరాలకు తగినట్లుగా వివిధ యంత్రాల ఎంపిక,మరమ్మత్తులు,ఉపయోగించే పద్ధతులు,యాజమాన్యంపై రైతులకు,సాంకేతిక విద్యార్హతలు కలవారికి,ట్రాక్టర్లు,వ్యవసాయ యంత్రాల వినియోగదారులకు,ఉత్పత్తిదారులకు,విక్రేతల సిబ్బందికి,రైతు మహిళలకు వివిధ రకాల శిక్షణా తరగతులు ఇక్కడ నిర్వహిస్తారు.

అంతే కాకుండా భారత ప్రభుత్వంవారి(B.I.S)వారి నిర్ధేశిత నాణ్యతా సూత్రాలకు అనుగుణంగా,దేశంలో  ఉత్పత్తి అవుతున్న వివిధ వ్యవసాయ యంత్రాలు,ఇంజన్లు,పంపులు,పవర్ టిల్లర్ల నాణ్యతను ,మన్నికను పరీక్షించి,వినియోగదారులకు నాణ్యమైన పరికరాలు లభ్యమయ్యేటట్లు చేయడం కూడ సంస్థ మరో ఉద్దేశ్యం.

తనకు నిర్దేశించిన లక్ష్యాలకు అనుగుణంగా ఈ సంస్థ ఎన్నో శిక్షణా తరగతులు నిర్వహిస్తూ రైతులు,విద్యార్థులు,మహిళలకు వ్యవసాయ యాంత్రీకరణలో పరిపూర్ణ విజ్ఞానాన్ని అందించుటలో తోడ్పడుచున్నది.రైతాంగానికి వ్యవసాయ రంగంలో ఆధునిక పరికరాలతో,
ట్రాక్టర్లతో సులభ పద్దతిలో క్రమశిక్షణతో నేర్పించి,రైతులను అభివృద్ధి దశలోకి తీసుకురావటం ఈ సంస్థ యొక్క ముఖ్య లక్ష్యం.

కోర్సుల వివరాలు:
1.యూజర్ లెవల్ కోర్సులు(యు-సీరిస్)
  • 1.వ్యవసాయంలో శక్తి వినియోగం 4వారాలు
  • 2.వివిధ వ్యవసాయ యంత్రాల ఎంపిక,వినియోగించే విధానం,జాగ్రత్త చర్యలు వాటి యాజమాన్యంపై శిక్షణ 6వారాలు
  • 3.పవర్ టిల్లర్లను నడుపుట,వాటి యాజమాన్యంపై శిక్షణ 2వారాలు
  • 4.మహిళా రైతులకు వివిధ వ్యవసాయ పనిముట్లపై శిక్షణ 3రోజులు
  • 5.బిందు,తుంపర్ల సేద్యం,వినియోగం,యాజమాన్యంపై శిక్షణ 1వారం
  • 6.సస్యరక్షణ పరికరాల ఎంపిక,వాటి వినియోగ విధానంపై శిక్షణ 1వారం
  • 7.చేతిపంపుల ఎంపిక,వాటి వినియోగం,యాజమాన్యంపై శిక్షణ 1వారం
  • 8.మెట్ట సేద్య వ్యవసాయ యంత్రాల ఎంపిక,వాటి నిర్వహణ,యాజమాన్యంపై శిక్షణ 2వారాలు
  • 9.పప్పు,నూనె ధాన్యాల పంటల ఉత్పత్తి,ఉపయోగించే వివిధ రకాల యంత్రాలపై శిక్షణ 1వారం
  • 10.వరిసాగులో ఉపయోగించే వివిధ రకాల యంత్రాలపై శిక్షణ 1వారం
ప్రవేశానికి అర్హతలు:
  • 1.కనీసం 8తరగతి వరకు చదివి ఉండాలి.
  • 2.వయస్సు 18సం.లు నిండి ఉండాలి.
  • 3.పొలము,వ్యవసాయ యంత్రములు కలిగిన వారికి ప్రాధాన్యమివ్వబడును.
ఈ కోర్సులన్నీ పూర్తిగా ఉచితం.

పై కోర్సులలో శిక్షణ పొందు విద్యార్థులకు నెలకు రూ.1200లు ఉపకార వేతనం కూడా ఇవ్వబడును.
శిక్షణలో చేరుటకు,శిక్షణ తర్వాత వారి స్వగ్రామం చేరడానికి బస్సు/రైలు కనీస చార్జీలు కూడా ఇస్తారు.
దరఖాస్తు విధానం: దరఖాస్తు ఫారాలను 20రూ.స్వయంగాగానీ,M.Oద్వారాగానీ చెల్లించి శని, ఆదివారాలు తప్పించి అన్ని పనిరోజులలో సంస్థ ద్వారా పొందవచ్చు.పూర్తి చేసిన ఫారాలను తగిన ప్రమాణ పత్రాలను జతపరచి ప్రారంభ తేదీకి కనీసం
నెలన్నరరోజులకు ముందుగా సంస్థ చిరునామాకు పంపవలెను.

2.టెక్నీషియన్ లెవల్ కోర్సులు(టి.సీరిస్)
  • 1.ట్రాక్టర్,డీజిల్ ఇంజన్ల మరమ్మత్తులపై శిక్షణ                                                        6వారాలు
  •  2.పవర్ టిల్లర్ మరమ్మత్తులపై శిక్షణ                                                                   2వారాలు
  •  3.వ్యవసాయ యంత్రాలు,హైడ్రాలిక్ సిస్టమ్‍పై ప్రత్యేక శిక్షణ                                      4వారాలు
  •  4.ఆటో ఎలక్ట్రికల్ పరికరాల,బ్యాటరీ మరమ్మత్తులపై శిక్షణ                                      3వారాలు
  •  5.భూమి చదును,వృద్ధి చేసే యంత్రాల నిర్వహణ,బుల్‍డోజర్ యాజమాన్యంపై శిక్షణ 4వారాలు
ప్రవేశార్హతలు:
  • 1.ఐ.టి.ఐ(డీజల్/మోటార్ మెకానిక్) కోర్సు పూర్తి చేసి ఉండాలి.
  • 2.వయస్సు 18సం.లు నిండి ఉండాలి.
  • 3.ఫీజు వారానికి రూ.50/-లు చొప్పున చెల్లించాలి.

దరఖాస్తుదారులు తమ పూర్తి వివరాలు,పేరు,చిరునామా,విద్యార్హతలు తెలియజేస్తూ తగిన ప్రమాణ పత్రాలను జతపరచి ప్రారంభ తేదీకి కనీసం
నెలన్నరరోజులకు ముందుగా సంస్థ చిరునామాకు పంపవలెను.

యాజమాన్య శిక్షణా తరగతులు:

వ్యవసాయ యంత్రాల ఉత్పత్తి దారులు/డీజల్ మెకానిక్‍లకు శిక్షణ        1వారం

విద్యార్థుల శిక్షణా కార్యక్రమాలు:
  • 1.డిగ్రీ/డిప్లొమా విద్యార్థులకు వ్యవసాయ యంత్రాల వినియోగంపై ప్రాక్టికల్ శిక్షణ                   4వారాలు
  • 2.ఐ.టి.ఐ/ఇంటర్మీడియట్ ఒకేషనల్ విద్యార్థులకు వ్యవసాయ యంత్రాల వినియోగంపై శిక్షణ 4వారాలు
అవసరాలకు అనుగుణ్యమైన కోర్సులు:
  • 1.వ్యవసాయ యంత్రాల వినియోగంపై అవసరాలకు అనుగుణ్యమైన శిక్షణా తరగతులు గ్రామం/మండల కేంద్రాలలో శిక్షణా తరగతులు                                                                                   1-2రోజులు
  • 2.ఆధునిక వ్యవసాయ యంత్రాల గురించిన అవగాహన మరియు ప్రదర్శన                    1-2రోజులు

పైన పేర్కొన్న వివిధ రకాల శిక్షణా కార్యక్రమాల నిర్వహణకు కావలసిన సదుపాయాలు ఈ శిక్షణా సంస్థలో లభ్యమవుతున్నాయి.
అవి
1.ట్రాక్టర్ అంతర్గత నిర్మాణాల ప్రదర్శనశాల
2.ట్రాక్టర్ హైడ్రాలిక్ విధానం ప్రదర్శనశాల
3.ఇంజన్ల ప్రదర్శనశాల
4.సస్యరక్షణ పరికరాల ప్రదర్శనశాల
5.నీటి పారుదల యంత్రాల ప్రదర్శనశాల
6.విద్యుత్ పరికరాల ప్రదర్శనశాల
7.విద్యుత్ డమ్మీ యంత్రాల ప్రదర్శనశాల
8.రైతు మహిళా వ్యవసాయ పరికరాల ప్రదర్శనశాల
9.సాంప్రదాయేతర ఇంధనముల పరికరాల ప్రదర్శనశాల
10.దృశ్య,శ్రవణ కేంద్రము
11.వ్యవసాయ యంత్రాల సంగ్రహాలయము
12.మెట్ట సేద్య వ్యవసాయ యంత్రాల ప్రదర్శనశాల
13.విభిన్న రకాలైన వ్యవసాయ యంత్రాల ప్రదర్శనా క్షేత్రము

శిక్షణా కాలంలో అభ్యర్థులకు వసతి సదుపాయాలు:

1.వసతి గృహము:శిక్షణ పొందు విద్యార్థులకు అన్ని సౌకర్యములుగల అధునాతన వసతి గృహము కలదు.
ఇందులో సుమారు వందమంది విద్యార్థులకు ఉచిత సౌకర్యము కల్పించడమైనది.భోజన వసతి కూడా కలదు కానీ భోజన ఖర్చులు విద్యార్థులే భరించవలసి ఉన్నది.కాలక్షేపానికి టెలివిజన్
మరియు ఆటలాడుకొనేటందుకు కావలసిన పరికరాలు సమకూర్చబడినవి.
2.ఆరోగ్య కేంద్రము:ఉచిత ఆరోగ్య కేంద్రం ఏర్పాటు చేసారు.
3.విజ్ఞాన సమాచార కేంద్రం:వివిధ భాషలలో వ్యవసాయ విజ్ఞానము,తదితర రంగాలకు,విభాగాలకు సంబంధించిన కొన్నివేల గ్రంథాలు,దిన,వార,మాసపత్రికలు మరియు జాతీయ,అంతర్జాతీయ
శాస్త్ర విజ్ఞాన పత్రికలు లభ్యమవుతున్న విజ్ఞాన సమాచార కేంద్రం కలదు.
4.దృశ్య శ్రవణ యంత్ర ప్రదర్శనశాల: విద్యార్థులకు దృశ్య,శ్రవణ యంత్రాలు,మల్టీమీడియా ద్వారా,విడియో క్యాసెట్స్,సీ.డీలు సేకరించి ప్రదర్శించుటకు తగిన సౌకర్యములు కలవు.

చిత్రాలు తరువాతి టపాలో

సంస్థ ఇ-మెయిల్ అడ్రస్:fmti_sr@nic.in
వెబ్ సైట్ :www.dacnet.nic.in/srfmtti