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Agricultural fertilizer chemicals in water causing neonatal deaths?

original article http://people.brandeis.edu/~nmenon/Draft04_Agrichemicals_Water_Brainerd_Menon.pdf NEW DELHI: India has been struggling to bring down neonatal mortality rate which accounts for 75% of infant deaths in the country. A paper published in the Journal of Development Economics indicates that the high mortality of neonates (babies less than 29 days old) might be due to the exposure to fertilizer chemicals in water, especially in rural areas where agriculture is the main occupation for women. The paper titled, Seasonal Effects of Water Quality: The hidden costs of Green Revolution to infant and child health in India, examined the impact of fertilizer agrichemicals in water on infant and child health using water quality data combined with […]

Diversifying food and diets

Using agricultural biodiversity to improve nutrition and health Related files PDF file available free 24 M This volume explores the current state of knowledge on the role of agricultural biodiversity in improving diets, nutrition and food security. Using examples and case studies from around the globe, the book explores current strategies for improving nutrition and diets and identifies key research and implementation gaps that need to be addressed to successfully promote the better use of agricultural biodiversity for rural and urban populations and societies in transition. Category: Books Author: Fanzo, J.; Hunter, D.; Borelli, T.; Mattei, F.(eds.) Corporate Author: Bioversity International, Rome (Italy) Journal or series: Issues in Agricultural Biodiversity Pages: 400 […]

Pesticides affect unborn babies’ brain

Pesticides are not only responsible for a decline in bee populations but they can also affect human health and harm the brain development of unborn babies, according to European safetyexperts. Researchers at the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) found that pesticide imidacloprid was associated with brain shrinkage, and reduced activity in nerve signals in newborn rats, while the other, acetamiprid led to reduced weight and reaction times, the Independent reported. According to an EFSA statement, the chemicals may adversely affect the development of neurons and brain structures associated with functions such as learning and memory. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/life-style/health-fitness/health/Pesticides-affect-unborn-babies-brain/articleshow/27596595.cms?intenttarget=no download the study http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/3471.htm

How Roundup weedkiller can promote cancer, new study from India reveals

1. How Roundup weedkiller can promote cancer, new study reveals Sayer Ji GreenMedInfo, 11 Nov 2013 http://www.greenmedinfo.com/blog/how-roundup-weedkiller-can-promote-cancer-new-study-reveals-1?page=1 [Links to sources and graphics included at weblink above] Roundup herbicide (glyphosate) is in our air, rain, groundwater, soil and most food in the U.S., and an increasing body of research reveals it has cancer-promoting properties. Researchers from the Indian Institute of Toxicology Research have recently confirmed the carcinogenic potential of Roundup herbicide using human skin cells (HaCaT) exposed to extremely low concentrations of the world’s best selling herbicide. The researchers previously reported on glyphosate’s tumor promoting potential in a two-stage mouse skin carcinogenesis model[i] through its disruption of proteins that regulate calcium […]

The real cost of credit constraints: Evidence from micro-finance

Renuka Sane, (renuka@saner.org.in), (Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research) Susan Thomas (susant@igidr.ac.in), (Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research) In December 2010, the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh passed a law that severely restricted the operations of micro-finance institutions and brought the micro-finance industry to an abrupt halt. We measure the impact of micro-credit withdrawal in this unique natural experiment and find that average household expenditure dropped by 19 percent relative to a control group after the ban. The largest decrease was observed in expenditure on food. There is some evidence of higher volatility in consumption after the ban. All households were affected and not just the borrower households, which may […]

EPW latest issue: Papers on Bt cotton

A response to Herring and Rao Glenn Davis Stone Discussion, Economic and Political Weekly | August 17, 2013 http://www.epw.in/system/files/pdf/2013_48/33/A_Response_to_Herring_and_Rao.pdf Reconstructing Facts in Bt Cotton – Why Scepticism Fails Ronald J Herring, Economic and Political Weekly | August 17, 2013 The case that the “triumph narrative” of Bt cotton in India comes mainly from economists, the biotech industry and their academic allies is a difficult one to sustain when dozens of studies show the positive effects of insect resistance in Bt cotton. Yields are driven by numerous factors, and there will be variance – field-to-field, season-to-season. Despite this, Bt cotton has been agro-economically successful because of the lower cost of production […]

Hematotoxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis as Spore-crystal Strains Cry1Aa, Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac or Cry2Aa in Swiss Albino Mice

The biosafety data submitted by Mahyco on bt cotton also carried similar results…the animal morbidity in AP, Maharashtra after feeding on bt cotton leaves also had similar symptoms….unfortunately indian scientific system never researched upon this. http://gmoevidence.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/JHTD-1-104.pdf In conclusion, results showed that the Bt spore-crystals   genetically modified to express individually Cry1Aa, Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac or Cry2A can cause some hematological risks to vertebrates, increasing their toxic effects with long-term exposure. Taking into account the increased risk of human and animal  exposures to significant levels of these toxins, especially through diet,our results suggest that further studies are required to clarify the mechanism involved in the hematotoxicity found in mice, and to establish the […]

Weedkillers tied to depression in farmers

http://www.chicagotribune.com/health/sns-rt-us-weedkillers-20130726,0,4595601.story Kerry Grens Reuters2:34 p.m. CDT, July 26, 2013 NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Farmers who used weedkillers were more than twice as likely to be treated for depression than farmers who didn’t use the chemicals in a new study from France. Whether the weedkillers are causing depression “is not clear,” said Marc Weisskopf, the study’s lead author and an associate professor at the Harvard School of Public Health. “But (the result) suggests we should not be ignoring herbicides just because they’re targeting plants.” Earlier research on depression and pesticides has focused on insecticides, particularly organophosphates, which are known to be toxic to nerve cells, said Weisskopf. Monocrotophos, the insecticide […]

GM food harms pigs: New Research by Judy Carman

A groundbreaking new study [1] shows that pigs were harmed by the consumption of feed containing genetically modified (GM) crops. GM-fed females had on average a 25% heavier uterus than non-GM-fed females, a possible indicator of disease that requires further investigation. Also, the level of severe inflammation in stomachs was markedly higher in pigs fed on the GM diet. The research results were striking and statistically significant. Find a clear summary of the study here Find the full paper here Lead researcher Dr Judy Carman, adjunct associate professor at Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia,[2] said: “Our findings are noteworthy for several reasons. First, we found these results in real on-farm conditions, […]

Sustainability and innovation in staple crop production in the US Midwest

Abstract An agroecosystem is constrained by environmental possibility and social choices, mainly in the form of government policies. To be sustainable, an agroecosystem requires production systems that are resilient to natural stressors such as disease, pests, drought, wind and salinity, and to human constructed stressors such as economic cycles and trade barriers. The world is becoming increasingly reliant on concentrated exporting agroecosystems for staple crops, and vulnerable to national and local decisions that affect resilience of these production systems. We chronicle the history of the United States staple crop agroecosystem of the Midwest region to determine whether sustainability is part of its design, or could be a likely outcome of […]

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