సాగు భారమై.. బతుకు ఆగమై.. నిట్ట నిలువునా కూలుతున్న రైతన్న

సాగు భారమై..
బతుకు ఆగమై..
నిట్ట నిలువునా కూలుతున్న రైతన్న
చేల గట్లపై మరణ మృదంగం
పెరుగుతున్న ఆత్మహత్యలు
16 ఏళ్లలో 31 వేల మంది బలవన్మరణం

పెరిగిన పెట్టుబడులు,
గిట్టుబాటుకాని ధరలే ప్రధాన కారణం
అందని ప్రభుత్వ ప్రోత్సాహం, రుణం
కౌలు రైతుల బతుకు మరీ కష్టం
అధికారిక నివేదికల్లోనే వెల్లడి

ఒక రైతుకు వరి శిక్ష! మరో రైతు నెత్తిన పత్తి కత్తి! ఇంకో రైతుకు నిలువెల్లా కూర గాయాలు! మరో రైతుకు భారంలా వేరుశనగ! ఘోరంగా ఉల్లి! చేదుగా చెరుకు! ఏ రైతును చూసినా… కష్టమే! సాగు నష్టమే! పొలాలనన్నీ హలాల దున్నే రైతులు తమ బలాన్ని మాత్రమే కాదు… ప్రాణాలనూ పొలానికే అర్పిస్తున్నారు.

హైదరాబాద్, నవంబర్ 22 : ఇది ఒక్క ఏడాది కథ కాదు! ఎన్నో ఏళ్లుగా సాగుతున్న వ్యథ! ఆత్మహత్యల నివారణకు ప్రభుత్వం తీసుకుంటున్న చర్యలు రైతులకు భరోసా ఇవ్వడంలేదు. ఎరువు బరువై… కూలీలు కరువై. నీరు కన్నీరై… విత్తు దశ నుంచే చిత్తు చిత్తై అన్నదాతలు నిట్టూర్పు వదులుతున్నారు. పెరుగుతున్న పెట్టుబడులు, కనికరించని ప్రకృతి… రైతులను జంట కోరల పాములా కాటేస్తున్నాయి. కడివెడు దాహానికి చుక్క నీరు పోసినట్లుగా… బ్యాంకులు, ప్రభుత్వ సంస్థలు అందించే రుణాలు రైతు అవసరాలను తీర్చలేకపోతున్నాయి.

ప్రైవేటు వ్యాపారుల వడ్డీలు నడ్డి విరుస్తుంటే, కాళ్ల కింద భూమి కదిలిపోతుంటే… బతుకే భారమనుకుని రైతు తనువు చాలిస్తున్నాడు. 1995 నుంచి 2010 మధ్య… అంటే 16 సంవత్సరాల్లో మన రాష్ట్రంలో ఏకంగా 31,120 మంది రైతులు ఆత్మహత్య చేసుకున్నారు. ఇది జాతీయ నేర సమాచార విభాగం చెప్పిన అధికారిక సమాచారం! దీనికి కారణాలను సుస్థిర వ్యవసాయ కేంద్రం, రైతు సురాజ్య వేదిక, యాక్షన్ ఎయిడ్, జయతీ ఘోష్ కమిటీ తదితర సంస్థలు, సంఘాలు విశ్లేషించాయి.

‘కౌలు రైతులకు ప్రభుత్వం ఇచ్చిన హామీలు నెరవేరలేదు. వ్యవసాయ అనుబంధ పరిశ్రమలను పట్టించుకోవడంలేదు. ఆత్మహత్యలపై ఆందోళన వ్యక్తం చేయడంతప్ప… వాటి నివారణపై చిత్తశుద్ధి కనిపించడమే లేదు” అని తెలిపాయి. రైతుకు అండగా నిలిచే వ్యవసాయ రంగానికి సంబంధించిన ముఖ్య సంస్థలను ప్రభుత్వం నిర్వీర్యం చేసిందని పేర్కొన్నాయి. వీటన్నింటి ఫలితమే… రైతుల ఆత్మహత్యలు అని వివరించాయి.

రాలుతున్న రైతులు
రైతుల ఆత్మహత్యల్లో దేశంలోనే అగ్రస్థానం మన పొరుగునే ఉన్న మహారాష్ట్రది. ఆ తర్వాతి స్థానం… ఆంధ్రప్రదేశ్‌దే. గత ఏడేళ్లుగా… కర్ణాటక, తమిళనాడు, కేరళ, ఉత్తరప్రదేశ్‌లలో రైతు ఆత్మహత్యల సంఖ్య తగ్గుతుండగా… మన రాష్ట్రంలో పెరిగిపోతున్నాయి. ‘మాది రైతు సంక్షేమ ప్రభుత్వం’ అని చెప్పుకొన్న కాలంలోనూ పెద్ద సంఖ్యలో రైతుల ప్రాణాలు గాలిలో కలిసిపోయాయి. 1995-2002 మధ్య ఎనిమిదేళ్ల కాలంలో 12,716 మంది రైతులు ఆత్మహత్య చేసుకున్నారు.

2003-2010 మధ్యకాలంలో బలవన్మరణం పాలైన అన్నదాతల సంఖ్య ఏకంగా 18,404కు చేరింది. ఒకవైపు రైతుల వారసులు వ్యవసాయాన్ని వదిలి ఇతర వ్యాపకాలు చూసుకుంటుండగా… మరోవైపు హలం బాట పట్టిన యువ రైతులు మధ్యలోనే జీవితమనే కాడిని పారేస్తున్నారు. యువ రైతులు వాణిజ్య పంటలకు ప్రాధాన్యమిస్తూ… అతివృష్టి, అనావృష్టి కారణంగా పంటలు దెబ్బతి, పెట్టుబడులూరాక చివరికి ఆత్మహత్యకు పాల్పడుతున్నారు.

2010లో 15-29 ఏళ్ల మధ్య వయసున్న 728 మంది యువ రైతులు ఆత్మహత్య చేసుకున్నారు. వీరిలో… యువకులు 563 మందికాగా, మహిళలు 165 మంది. ఇక అదే సంవత్సరం 30-44 ఏళ్ల మధ్య వయస్సు కలిగిన వారిలో 824 మంది పురుషులు, 137 మంది మహిళలు ఆత్మహత్య చేసుకుంటున్నారు. ఈ ఒక్క సంవత్సరంలోనే మొత్తం 2525 మంది రైతులు ఆత్మహత్య చేసుకున్నట్లు ఎన్‌సీఆర్‌బీ అధికారికంగా తెలిపింది.

ఇవీ కారణాలు
* వ్యవసాయ పెట్టుబడులు పెరిగాయి.
* బోర్లపై ఆధారపడటం అధికమైంది. బోర్లు విఫలం కావడంతో రైతులపై భారం పెరిగిపోతోంది.
* ధరలు గిట్టుబాటు కావడంలేదు. కనీస పెట్టుబడులు కూడా తిరిగి రావడంలేదు.
* రైతులు సుస్థిరమైన వ్యవసాయ విధానాలు అనుసరించడంలేదు.
* చిన్న కమతాలు, కౌలు సేద్యంతో కలిసిరావడంలేదు.
* వ్యాపార స్వేచ్ఛ, ఎగుమతి-దిగుమతి విధానాలు రైతులకు అనుకూలంగా లేవు.
* బీమా, మార్కెటింగ్, నిల్వ సదుపాయాలు తగిన స్థాయిలో లేవు.
* వర్షాధార వ్యవసాయాన్ని ప్రభుత్వం విస్మరించింది.
* ప్రభుత్వ విధానాలు పెద్ద రైతులకు, భారీ తరహా వ్యవసాయానికి, కొన్ని రకాల వ్యాపార పంటలకు మాత్రమే ఉపయోగపడుతున్నాయి.

దిగదుడుపు
మార్కెట్‌లో వస్తువుల ధరలు పెరుగుతున్నాయి. కానీ… రైతుకు మాత్రం గిట్టుబాటు ధర లభించదు. 2010-11, 2011-12లో ధరలను పరిశీలిస్తే… అప్పుడు క్వింటాలు పత్తి ధర రూ.6500. అదే పత్తి ఇప్పుడు రూ.3600. అప్పుడు క్వింటాలు పసుపు రూ.14 వేలు. ఇప్పుడు రూ.4 వేలు. అప్పటికీ, ఇప్పటికీ మిర్చి రూ. 12 వేల నుంచి రూ.5500కు తగ్గింది. కందులు రూ.5 వేల నుంచి రూ. 3500లకు, మినుములు 5200 నుంచి రూ.3500కు తగ్గాయి, జొన్న 2500 నుంచి రూ.1800కు తగ్గాయి. పెట్టుబడులు మాత్రం భారీగా పెరిగాయి.

జయతీ ఘోష్ సిఫార్సులివి…
* అందరికీ సాగునీరందేలా చేయాలి.
* కౌలుదారులతోసహా రైతులందరికీ బ్యాంకుల ద్వారా రుణాలు ఇప్పించాలి.
* మెట్ట భూముల అభివృద్ధిపై దృష్టి పెట్టాలి. సాంకేతిక పరిజ్ఞానాన్ని వాడుకోవాలి.
* సుస్థిరమైన, చౌకగా లభించే ఉత్పాదకాలను ఉపయోగించాలి.
* గిట్టుబాటు ధర విషయంలో ప్రత్యేక శ్రద్ధ చూపించాలి.
* గ్రామీణులు ఆర్థికంగాఎదిగేలా వ్యవసాయేతరకార్యకలాపాలను ప్రోత్సహించాలి.

ఆత్మహత్యలు నివారించాలంటే…
* పంట నష్టపోయిన రైతులకు వెంటనే పరిహారం అందించాలి.
* రైతులనుంచి ప్రభుత్వమే పంటను గిట్టుబాటు ధరలకు కొనుగోలు చేయాలి.
* ఎగుమతి, దిగుమతి విధానాలను మన రైతులకు అనుగుణంగా మార్చాలి.
* ప్రభుత్వం సకాలంలో ఆత్మహత్యలు చేసుకున్న కుటుంబాలకు ఎక్స్‌గ్రేషియా, రుణ చెల్లింపునకు సహకరించాలి.
* మార్కెట్‌లో గిట్టుబాటు ధర లేనప్పుడు పెట్టుబడి వ్యయంతో పాటు అదనంగా 50 శాతం ధర చెల్లించాలి.

The farm crisis: why have over one lakh farmers killed themselves in the past decade? Parliament lecture, 2007 by Sainath

070906 Sainath Parlimentary lecture Farm Crisis

Speaker’s Lecture Series: Parliament House, Sept. 6, 2007
The farm crisis: why have over one lakh farmers killed themselves in the past decade?
P. Sainath
Rural Affairs Editor, The Hindu
We, as a nation, are in the worst agrarian crisis in four decades. It is impossible to cover such a large issue in full. So I am going to be dealing with it in fragments today. I would like to stress that the crisis is so deep, so advanced that: firstly, no State, nobody, is exempt from this and it is not to be seen as the crisis of one State or one Government or one Party. It is a national crisis and we need to respond to it as such. It is a huge thing. In that crisis, the suicides are merely, however tragic, just a symptom and not the disease. They are a consequence, not the process.

Adilabad reeling under farmers suicides: 26 in three months

Adilabad is reeling under farmers suicides.  in last three months 26 suicides are reported.  about 12 in october itself.

there are several heart wrenching stories from the ground pouring in.  on 5th may, 2012 three members of a dalit family committed suicide in the village yellareddipet in nirmal mandal.     the farmer wa.s growing turmeric and cotton. crops failed and prices have fallen in the market leaving the family with the debt of rs. 1,00,000 from bank and 50 thousand private (36% interest).

read the detailed case. Adilabad Farmer Suicides case studies

thanks to nainala goverdhan, Committee to stop farmers suicides

9701381799 , nynala99@gmail.com

AP Rytu Swarajya Vedhika

Suicides by farmers: Reply to Rajyasabha by Sharad Pawar

http://164.100.47.4/newrsquestion/ShowQn.aspx

2012 sarad pawar admission in rajyasabha

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

MINISTRY OF  AGRICULTURE
RAJYA SABHA
QUESTION NO  183
ANSWERED ON  24.08.2012

Suicides by farmers

183 SHRIMATI KUSUM RAI
Will the Minister of AGRICULTURE be pleased to satate :-
(a) whether, as per Government figures, 2,70,940 farmers have committed suicide since 1995 and 14,000 farmers have committed suicide during 2011 alone;

(b) if so, the details thereof along with the details of farmers who committed suicide during 2012, so far, State-wise;

(c) whether in spite of release of thousands of crores under the Rehabilitation package to Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh, these States stood at first and second position, with respect to farmers’ suicide, during 2011 with 3337 and 2206 farmers’ suicides, respectively;

(d) if so, the reasons therefor; and

(e) the details of fresh steps Government would take in this regard?

ANSWER
MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE

(SHRI SHARAD PAWAR)

(a) to (e): A statement is laid on the Table of the House.

STATEMENT IN RESPECT OF PARTS (a) TO (e) OF RAJYA SABHA STARRED QUESTION NO. 183 FOR 24/08/2012 REGARDING SUICIDES BY FARMERS.

(a) to (d): State-wise details regarding suicides by farmers, as compiled and published annually by National Crime Records Bureau in its report ‘Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India’, from 1995 to 2011 are at Annexure I. Reasons of suicide by farmers, as reported by State Governments, are manifold which, inter-alia, include indebtedness, crop failure, drought, socio-economic and personal reasons. State-wise details regarding suicides by farmers due to agrarian reasons since 2006, when the Rehabilitation Package was implemented in identified districts, to date, as reported by respective State Governments, are at Annexure-II. During 2012, Government of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka have reported 33, 118 and 01 cases respectively of suicide by farmers due to agrarian reasons. During 2011, number of suicides by farmers due to agrarian reasons in Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh, as reported by respective State Governments, was 485 and 193 respectively.

(e): Government has taken several steps to revitalize agriculture sector and improve condition of farmers on sustainable basis by increasing investment, improving farm practices, rural infrastructure and delivery of credit, technology and other inputs, extension, marketing etc. under various programmes/schemes. Government is focusing on expansion of farm income, creation of non-farm income opportunities, improvement in productivity of rainfed agriculture, increasing coverage of farming areas under protective irrigation and forging appropriate backward and forward linkages.

Investment in agriculture & allied activities by public and private sectors at current prices has increased from Rs.181562 crore in 2009-10 to Rs.211565 crore in 2010-11. Gross capital formation in agriculture as a percentage of agricultural Gross Domestic Product has risen from 13.9 per cent during the Tenth Plan to nearly 19 per cent during the Eleventh Plan. Total plan outlay for Department of Agriculture and Cooperation has been increased from Rs.17123 crore in 2011-12 to Rs.20208 crore in 2012-13. Minimum Support Prices for most crops have increased significantly in recent years.

           ANNEXURE        Hindi_Version

Farm suicides rise in Maharashtra, State still leads the list



It accounted for well over a fifth of the total of 14,027 deaths in 2011


With a figure of at least 14,027 in 2011, according to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the total number of farm suicides since 1995 has touched 2,70, 940. The State of Maharashtra shows a rise in numbers yet again, logging 3,337 against 3,141 farmers’ suicides the previous year (and 2,872 in 2009). This, despite heavy massaging of data at the State level for years now, even re-defining of the term “farmer” itself. And despite an orchestrated (and expensive) campaign in the media and other forums by governments and major seed corporations to show that their efforts had made things a lot better. Maharashtra remains the worst single State for farm suicides for over a decade now.
The total number of farmers who have taken their own lives in Maharashtra since 1995 is closing in on 54,000. Of these 33,752 have occurred in nine years since 2003, at an annual average of 3,750. The figure for 1995-2002 was 20,066 at an average of 2,508. Significantly, the rise is occurring even as the farm population is shrinking a fact broadly true across the country. And more so in Maharashtra which has been urbanising more rapidly than most. The rising-suicides-shrinking-population equation suggests a major intensification of the pressures on the community. A better understanding of that, though, awaits the new farm population figures of the 2011 Census — not expected for many months from now. At present both national and State-wise farm suicide ratios (the number of farmers committing suicide per 100,000 farmers) are based on very outdated 2001 Census numbers.
Big five States
The 2011 total gets dicey with Chhattisgarh’s posting a figure of zero farm suicides. A zero figure should be great news. Except that Chhattisgarh had 7,777 farm suicides in the preceding five years, including 1,126 in 2010. It has been amongst the very worst States for such deaths for several years. The share of the worst (Big 5) states (Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh) as a percentage of total farm suicides, is now around 64 per cent. Even with Chhattisgarh showing a ‘zero’ figure, that is not much lower than the preceding five-year average for the Big 5 of close to 66 per cent. It could be that Chhattisgarh’s figures have simply not made it to the NCRB in time. Otherwise, it means that the State is in fact a late entrant to the numbers massage parlour. Others have been doing it for years. Maharashtra since 2007, following the Prime Minister’s visit to Vidarbha. Union Minister for Agriculture Sharad Pawar has strictly avoided using NCRB farm data in Parliament since 2008 because the data are unpleasant. (The union government however quotes the NCRB for all other categories). Now, governments are deep into fiddling the data that goes from the States to the NCRB.
With the Big 5 also staring drought in the face, what numbers the coming season will throw up is most worrying. Within Maharashtra, Vidarbha and Marathwada have already been under great stress (which in turn pushes officials to step up data fiddles). If the numbers are re-calculated using the annual average of Chhattisgarh in the past five years, the national total of farm suicides for 2011 would be 15,582. And the share of the Big 5 (at 10,524) would be nearly 68 per cent. That’s higher than the five-year average for those States, too. In 1995, the first time the NCRB tabulated farm suicide data, the Big 5 accounted for 56.04 per cent of all farm suicides.
In 2011, five States showed increases of over 50 farm suicides compared to 2010. These included Gujarat (55), Haryana (87), Madhya Pradesh (89), Tamil Nadu (82). Maharashtra alone showed a rise of 196. Nine States showed declines exceeding 50 farm suicides, of which Karnataka (485) and Andhra Pradesh (319) and West Bengal (186) claimed the biggest falls. That, of course, after Chhattisgarh, which claimed a decline of 1,126, with its zero farm suicides figure in 2011.

Vidarbha Reports Four more farmers’ suicides in last 72 Hours

Vidarbha Reports Four more farmers’ suicides in last 72 Hours

NAGPUR –June 4, 2012
The crop failure and delayed relief aid being adjusted in pending crop loan without restructuring  crop loan as per NABARD directives, credit and relief aid starved four more vidarbha distressed farmers killed themselves  in last 72 hours as per reports  available here ,the recent innocent  farmers who become the victims of vidarbha agrarian crisis are identified as
1.Ramesh Sahare of village Athali in Bhandara 
2.Bharat Barai of village kinahla in Wardha
3.Pundlik Rathode of village Rohana devi  in Yavatmal
4.Dhyaneshwar  Akhare of village Hiwarkhed in Amarvati
This takes totally of farmers suicides in vidarbha as per documentation done on the basis local media reports and input provide by local activist network has touched 351 mark where as official crime data report recently published by leading marathi daily  tally is well above 500 as informed by vidarbha cotton farmer’s advocacy group Vidarbha Jandolan Samiti (VJAS).
“In December 2011 Maharashtra chief minister Prithviraj Chavan announced Rs.2000 crore as relief aid to dying distressed farmers after complete crop cotton ,paddy and soya crop failed due to dry spell and drought in complete vidarbha and marathwada region which is mostly dry land region  but failed to arrange fund till 15th may 2012 but now as amount relief aid  is being credited in to drought hit farmers it is being adjusted in it’s earlier crop loan forcibly even after repeated instruction administration not to do such adjustments .when Govt. has officially  admitted crop failure  and given relief to compensate losses as per NABRAD standing directives all pending short and medium term loan needs reconstructed which has not been done in vidarbha where as in western Maharashtra CM and union agriculture minister too special interest in reconstruction and fresh enhanced crop loan  hence we demand the same for dying farmers of vidarbha”
Tiwari added.
Vidarbha dry land farmers who are subjected for rain sensitive cash crop like cotton and sugarcane needs long term solution after the  recent admission of Mr Sharad Pawar, Union agriculture minister, himself a great proponent of Bt.cotton seed and responsible for it’s permission and promotion in 2005  , in Parliament on Dec-ember 19, 2011: “Vidarbha produces about 1.2 quintals [cotton lint] per hectare on an average.” This is less than 20% of what conventional non-Bt farmers used to get in the late 1990s and early 2000. Vidarbha farmers are losing about Rs 2,000 crore per year, leading to increasing suicides by cotton farmers has exposed truth of success story and dream of second green revolution landing mass genocide of innocent cotton farmers of rain fed area of Maharashtra hence most vocal vidarbha cotton farmer’s advocacy group Vidarbha Jandolan Samiti (VJASa) will start door to door campaign urging all dry land farmers to say ‘Goodbuy’ to Bt.cotton cultivation as it is not sustainable and suitable for dry land farmers  , Kishor Tiwari of vidarbha advocacy group Vidarbha Janandolan Samiti (VJAS.) informed today.
“Vidarbha is agrarian crisis is directly linked with as all farmer suicide prone district mono crop  which is predominantly cultivated is Bt.cotton since 2005 and now it is proven fact that it’s classic example  of promoting wrong technology  to wrong class agrarian community as rain sensitive crop has proven killer seed in west vidarbha as 95% farmers opted this technology are dry land farmers hence we have decided to the message of union agriculture   Mr Sharad Pawar that to save vidarbha cotton farmers’ they should say Good buy to Bt.cotton moreover advisory of ICAR to agriculture ministry after reviewing performance of Bt.cotton through out world Govt. ahs been advised to withdrew but business  interest  of union agriculture   Mr Sharad Pawar delay henc this door to door awareness campaign” Tiwari added.
Activist will urge vidarbha cotton farmers look at the facts that  the told  claims Bt.cotton cultivation are baseless and misleading . In 2004-5 when only 5% of cotton area in India had Bt, the yield was 470 kg per hectar. In 2011-12, when 90% of Indian cotton farms are growing Bt, the estimates are 480kgs per hectar wjere as in Maharashtra the yiels is  measly increase of 4 kg per acre! In Vidarbha, Maharashtra 96% of all cotton is Bt.cotton and the claims that were made to you with expensive Bt cotton seed when it was introduced – that it will reduce pesticide usage, increase yields, reduce cost of cultivation and improve your profits? Ten years later, you know that this did not materialise. Now it is very clear that these are only false hype and failed promises. Government’s own research and data show that Bt cotton is unsuitable for unirrigated conditions and shallow soils. In Maharashtra, pesticide use has been steadily increasing despite large scale adoption of Bt cotton and expansion of cotton (from 3198 metric tonnes of technical grade material in 2005-06 to 4639 MT). Further, while the annual average number of farm suicides in the state was 2833 between 1997-2002 (before the entry of Bt cotton), which shot up to 4067, between 2003-08, in the years that Bt cotton expanded rapidly in the state. Meanwhile, nearly 93% of India’s cotton seed market is controlled by just one American MNC, today. Crores of rupees have been pocketed by seed companies, even as the pesticides industry is posting good growth, year after year. Original problem was pests. Then, over the years, the problem became pesticides, when they hyped up pesticides as the only solution to your pest problems in cultivation. With Bt cotton, they said that the pesticides problem would be solved. However, today, farmers are dependent on external exploiters for seed, pesticides and fertilisers, with the returns not matching the costs or claims hence it is time we are urging cotton farmers to save ourselves , Tiwari said
“We are appealing dry land farmers who are innocent victims better Bt.cotton seed to look at  neighboring Andhra Pradesh, who farmers have adopted NPM practices in nearly 3.5 lakh acres, across different crops. Debts and migration are coming down in villages with NPM. Savings on spending otherwise going to line companies’ pockets is running into crores of rupees. Yields are not falling. Net returns of farmers are increasing. Come, even as we fight the government for all its anti-farmer policies, let us also do what we can at our own level. Let us stop the exploiters from looting us. Let us adopt ecological practices like NPM in our agriculture, and benefit to some extent” Tiwari added.

Scientist’s warning on farmer suicides: Assam

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/guwahati/Scientists-warning-on-farmer-suicides/articleshow/13749856.cms

GUWAHATI: Agriculture scientist GV Ramanjaneyulu on Saturday said Assam could go the Chhattisgarh way in terms of farmers’ suicides if the state government fails to implement concrete measures in protecting the interests of farmers.

The scientist was speaking at an interactive session titled “The Current Crisis in Indian Agriculture and the Way Forward” held in Cotton College State University, organized by its department of economics. He emphasized on the comparisons between Assam and Chhattisgarh in terms of production of different varieties of rice and engagement of tribals in farming and agriculture.

“What happened in Chhattisgarh was quite unfortunate because the state government had decided to introduce hybrid rice which almost made the traditional varieties extinct. Besides, there were many flawed measures introduced by the government which proved disastrous. Farmers have become an endangered species,” said Ramanjaneyulu, executive director Centre for Advanced Sustentative Agriculture, Hyderabad.

“That state has witnessed a large number of farmers committing suicide. But Assam has the lowest record of farmers’ suicide. However the situation could go wrong if the state government decides to introduce hybrid variety and Assam could suffer the same fate as Chhattisgarh. The government must put a check on farming by migrants as they tend to use fertilizers because they don’t have any bond towards the land,” added the scientist.

The scientist also took a dig at chief minister Tarun Gogoi’s recent announcement to allocate Rs 33 crore for organic farming by stating that until and unless there are some concrete policies regarding how and where to promote such farming, the entire money could go waste.

On the issue of green revolution being shifted to the eastern region of the country, Ramanjaneyulu said, “It needs to be properly addressed. If there are pesticides involved in agricultural fields in the upper-stream, then there are possibilities of them being disposed in the downstream. Assam has a rich history of producing different varieties of rice. But it has lost most varieties now.”