KOCHI: A new study on endosulfan has shown that the prevalence of health problems in general had noticeably come down to as low as 0.38% for females in the 15-30 year age group in Cheemeni in Kasargod, but chances of these symptoms manifesting through DNA mutations in the offspring persist.
The findings are part of a study conducted by the Asian Journal of Epidemiology titled ‘An Epidemiological Study on the Health Effects of Endosulfan Spraying on Cashew Plantations in Kasargod District, Kerala’.
The report was prepared by Asha Embrandiri, Rajeev P Singh, Hakimi M Ibrahim and Anisa B Khan, department of environmental sciences, Pondicherry university.
The survey was conducted from December 2008 to March 2009 in five panchayats surrounding three of the Plantation Corporation of Kerala (PCK) cashew farms in Kasargod namely Enmakaje, Kumbadaje, Cheemeni, Pullur-Periya and Muliyar.
Seven years after PCK banned the use of endosulfan, researchers visited some affected regions to ascertain the result.
Around thousand respondents were selected randomly for a survey in which it was found that 0-30 age-group recorded the highest cases of mental retardation (74.5% male and 74.1% female). Also in the 0-14 age-group 46% males and 42.5% females had congenital anomalies whereas in the 15-30 age group, the figures were 30.4% for males and 31.7% for females.